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Citizen, Citizenship and Awareness of Citizenship

Intellectual, Political, and Social Debates in the Historical and Theoretical Framework for the Western Citizenship Case

Fikret Çelik

This book discusses the political, social and cultural change of Western civilization since ancient Greek in the adventure of civic thought in political theory. The aim of this book is to contribute to the discussion of citizenship through "citizenship awareness", because the phenomenon of citizenship, which is sometimes included in other political and social theories in the Western literature, is an even less studied subject in the "citizenship awareness" dimension. This book, while giving the opportunity to examine the views of academicians and intellectuals living in the modern and post-modern period on citizenship through a single text, provides the views of these individuals within the framework of "citizenship awareness" to those who are interested in the subject with different comments and evaluations.

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Conclusion and Evaluation


Citizenship, as the subject of serious discussions since the Ancient Greek, continues to be one of the main topics in the discussions about the ruling-ruled relations of human beings in the modern age or the post-modern age in when we are. The concept was produced in the West and used in the West for centuries as an important argument for the struggle of individuals in modern societies in the name of “freedom” and “equality” as a result of the legal and political transformation gone through in the West. Citizenship is also an important phenomenon that the Western civilization insists on in a significant part of the modern period to distinguish them from traditional and non-Western societies. In this context, citizenship emerges as one of the important areas of discussion at the solution point for political systems to be historically and theoretically “stable” structures in the Western societies.

The theoretical and historical debates in the Western world within the framework of both political, social and economic development processes and the history of the ancient and modern Western political thoughts are the main determinants of the periodic changes and transformations of citizenship.

Citizenship in its practical process is presented as a result of an important combination of political and social understanding in the Greek city-states in the ancient times and then in Rome. Especially the idea of “universal citizenship” based on rights and responsibilities, which is accepted to be the product of these two political structures, has been...

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