A Qualitative Research
A Papa Smurf or Superman...Spring or winter…Woman or man…Circle or triangle…All of the people have definitely received treatment from a physician. All right then, how are the physicians perceived? Or how do you want to be perceived if you are a physician? This is an original work based on qualitative research. The author took a photo; here is a selfie opportunity for you. Do you want to know how patients see the physicians? This book offers clues about how physicians are perceived. If you want, you can have a look at the photo together with the author.
2 The Emergence of Medicine
Humans have managed to survive despite severe environmental conditions in prehistory. They have acted from the therapeutic power that they had in themselves, based on their “instincts”, as animals do, and perhaps learned some treatment methods from animals by imitation. At that time, they believed that when they got sick, either a foreign soul entered their bodies from outside or that their own souls left their bodies9. They thought the disease was caused either by the curse of an enemy or the maleficence of a god; but they still thought it was an injury10. As a result, people separated the useful and harmful plants and used the useful ones for treatment. For thousands of years, treatment methods have been gathered in people who are keen and curious, such as tribal chiefs, priests, and sorcerers. While sorcerers in some tribes became physicians by inheritance, in others, those with extraordinary features such as deformed bodies or epileptics were chosen for being physicians4.
In ancient civilizations, medicine was accepted as both skillful and respected occupation11. The effect of sorcery, supernatural powers and religion was seen in the emergence of the profession. With Hippocrates, it came to the fore that medicine (and also the Aristotelian philosophy of nature, that is science) could be explained without resorting to supernatural powers. Patient-centered, observational and experimental medicine practices have begun12.
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