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Cultures in Conflict

Religion, History and Gender in Northern Europe c. 1800–2000

Edited By Alexander Maurits, Johannes Ljungberg and Erik Sidenvall

This book includes studies of main conflict areas in modern Western societies where religion has been a central element, ranging from popular movements and narratives of opposition to challenges of religious satire and anti-clerical critique. Special attention is given to matters of politics and gender. With this theme, it provides a useful guide to conflict areas in modern European religious history.

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About the Authors

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About the Authors

OLAF BLASCHKE is professor of history at Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster. He has published several works on Catholicism in Modern Germany, launching a contested theory on the long nineteenth century (1830–1960) as a ‘second confessional age’. Most seminal is his dissertation on Catholicism and anti-Semitism (Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 1997). Recently he has published Die Kirchen und der Nationalsozialismus (Reclam 2014, 2. edition: bpb, Bonn 2019) and together with Francisco Javier Ramón Solans Weltreligion im Umbruch: Transnationale Perspektiven auf das Christentum in der Globalisierung (Campus 2019).

ANDERS JARLERT is senior professor of church history at Lund University and director of the Archives of Ecclesiastical History at Lund University. He has published numerous books and articles on early modern and modern church history, among them Piety and Modernity: The Dynamics of Religious Reform in Northern Europe, 1780–1920 (Leuven University Press, 2012). He is the editor of Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift [Swedish Yearbook of Church History], a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities, and the president of the Commission Internationale d’Histoire et d’Études du Christianisme (CIHEC).

INGER LITTBERGER CAISOU-ROUSSEAU is a reader in literary history. Her publications include Ulla Isakssons romankonst [The Fiction of Ulla Isaksson] (1996), Omvändelser: Nedslag i svenska romaner under hundra år [Conversions: One Hundred Years of Swedish Novels] (2004) and Över alla gränser: Manlighet och kristen (o)tro hos Almqvist, Strindberg och Lagerlöf [Breaching the Boundaries: Masculinity and Christian (Un-)belief in Almqvist, Strindberg and Lagerlöf] (2012).

JOHANNES LJUNGBERG is a postdoc in history at the Centre for Privacy Studies at the University of Copenhagen. He received his doctorate at Lund University with his dissertation Toleransens gränser: Religionspolitiska dilemman i det tidiga 1700-talets Sverige och Europa [The Limits of Toleration: Swedish Pietist conflicts in a European perspective c. 1700–1730]. For his postdoctoral research, Ljungberg is funded by the Danish National Research Foundation within a major research program exploring notions of privacy and the private in eleven cities of early modern Europe. Ljungberg is a part of the interdisciplinary case teams working with Helmstedt and Altona.

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ALEXANDER MAURITS is a senior lecturer in church history at Lund University. In his research, Maurits has primarily dealt with the role of the churches in Western and Northern Europe, especially the Church of Sweden, modernity and gender. He is one of the editors of Kyrkan och idrotten under 2000 år: Antika, medeltida och moderna attityder till idrott [Church and Sports over 2000 years: Antique, Medieval, and Modern Approaches to Sport] (Universus Academic Press 2015) and Classics in Northern European Church History over 500 Years (Peter Lang Verlag 2017).

HUGH MCLEOD is a professor emeritus of church history at the University of Birmingham and the former president of Commission Internationale d’Histoire et d’Études du Christianisme (CHIEC). In 2003, he received an honorary doctorate at Lund University. His research mainly investigates the social history of religion in Western Europe, not least the topic of secularisation. Among his publications are The Religious Crisis of the 1960s (Oxford University Press 2007). He was editor of World Christianities c. 1914–c. 2000 (Cambridge University Press 2006).

FRANZISKA METZGER is professor of history at the University of Teacher Education Lucerne, and since 2011 chief editor of Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Religions-und Kulturgeschichte. She has published extensively on memory culture in relation to politics, religion and culture in the nineteenth century. Her publications include Religion, Geschichte, Nation: Katolische Geschichtsschreibung in der Schweiz im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert (Kohlhammer 2010), as well as the co-edited volumes Ausdehnung der Zeit: Die Gestaltung von Erinnerungsräumen in Geschichte, Literatur und Kunst, ed. with Dimiter Daphinoff (Böhlau Verlag 2019) and Sacred Heart Devotion: Memory, Body, Image, Text -Continuities and Discontinuities, ed. with Stefan Tertünte (Böhlau Verlag 2021).

DENNIS MEYHOFF BRINK is an adjunct professor at the Danish Institute for Study Abroad (DIS) in Copenhagen. In his research, Brink investigates the themes, tropes and devices of religious satire in modern Europe. Among his publications are ‘Affective atmospheres in the House of Usher’ in Journal of the Short Story in English (2016), ‘Fearing Religious Satire: Religious Censorship and Satirical Counter-Attacks’ in Comics and Power (Cambridge Scholars Press 2015), and Løgn og Latin: Spot, spe og religionssatire 1500–1900 (Storm P. Museet 2014).

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ERIK SIDENVALL is adjunct professor of church history at Lund University, where he also received his doctorate in 2002 with his dissertation Change and Identity: Protestant English Interpretations of John Henry Newman’s Secession, 1845–1864. In his research, Sidenvall analyses gender in religion and confessional identities. His publications include After Anti-Catholicism? John Henry Newman and Protestant Britain, 1845–c. 1890 (T&T Clark 2005) and The Making of Manhood among Swedish Missionaries in China and Mongolia, c. 1890–c. 1914 (Brill 2009).

TINE VAN OSSELAER is research professor in the history of spirituality, devotion and mysticism at the Ruusbroec Institute of the University of Antwerp. Among her publications are The pious sex: Catholic constructions of masculinity and femininity in Belgium, c. 1800–1940 (Leuven University Press 2013) and Christian homes: Religion, family and domesticity in the 19th and 20th centuries (Leuven University Press 2014). She was the principal investigator of ‘Between saints and celebrities. The devotion and promotion of stigmatics in Europe, c. 1800–1950’, a project financed by the European Research Council.