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Relational Reason, Morals and Sociality

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Edited By Elżbieta Hałas and Aleksander Manterys

Relational sociology draws attention to non-utilitarian aspects of sociality that reach beyond instrumental rationality, and presents the problem of relational reason. Shaping a civil society under cultural plurality requires reflection upon relational rationality. This book focuses on relational goods as an emergent effect of social relations, focusing on the issue of good life and the Good Society.

The relational approach involves viewing social relations neither as an expression of the system nor as an individual action, but as a human reality in its own right, based on reciprocity.

The authors explore the moral dimensions of sociality in various areas of social life. The aim is to enrich the understanding of relationality and of the significance of the relational theory of society.

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Elisabetta Carrà: Reflexivity: A Crucial Resource for the Challenge of Family Well- Being

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Elisabetta Carrà

Reflexivity: A Crucial Resource for the Challenge of Family Well-Being

Abstract: In contemporary sociology, reflexivity stands as a peculiar character of the post-modern man, strictly connected with the individualization of biographies and the growing of the risk and uncertainty. This situation affects unavoidably the couple and family relationships: whereas an individualized reflexivity prevails, building weness in couple relation and meeting the challenge of family well-being become more and more difficult. In this chapter, it will be hypothesized that there is also a different kind of reflexivity, relationship-based, rather than individual-based, that limits the damages of individualization, facilitating a couple to build we-ness and to pursue the we-relation’s well-being (a relational good). At the end, a polysemic concept of couple relational reflexivity will be provided and some methods to empirically study reflexivity will be proposed.

Keywords: couple, family, individualized marriage, reflexivity, relational sociology

Introduction: Reflexivity as a “Condition” Affecting Unavoidably Contemporary Couple and Family Relationships

In contemporary sociology, reflexivity stands as a peculiar character of the post-modern man. Beck, Giddens, Lash (1994), speaking about the reflexive modernization, strictly connect the reflexivity with the individualization of biographies and the growing of risk and uncertainty; the individuals, the only architects of their own life course, seek to deal with this condition of instability and blurring by exercising their reflexivity in extreme ways. This situation unavoidably affects couple and family relationships.

One of the possible outcomes is the so-called individualized...

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