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Relational Reason, Morals and Sociality

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Edited By Elżbieta Hałas and Aleksander Manterys

Relational sociology draws attention to non-utilitarian aspects of sociality that reach beyond instrumental rationality, and presents the problem of relational reason. Shaping a civil society under cultural plurality requires reflection upon relational rationality. This book focuses on relational goods as an emergent effect of social relations, focusing on the issue of good life and the Good Society.

The relational approach involves viewing social relations neither as an expression of the system nor as an individual action, but as a human reality in its own right, based on reciprocity.

The authors explore the moral dimensions of sociality in various areas of social life. The aim is to enrich the understanding of relationality and of the significance of the relational theory of society.

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Andrzej Szpociński: A Question About the Subject of Social Memory and Common Knowledge About the Past

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Andrzej Szpociński

A Question About the Subject of Social Memory and Common Knowledge About the Past

Abstract: In ordinary studies on social memory, it is assumed that the subject of social memory is an individual. It is an individual shaped by culture and society, but it is an autonomous individual who is the subject of references to the past. The complex of matters related to the society of the network – the emergence of the network society itself and the theories explaining this phenomenon and research methods–allows to formulate a hypothesis that an autonomous individual is not the only subject of references to the past, that at least in certain situations it is an individual entangled in the network and that this fact is a decisive factor shaping our references to the past.

In the chapter, referring to empirical data, the author tries to validate the hypothesis about two types of memory subjects: the autonomous individual and individual entangled in the social network, and points to different forms of reference to the past related to it: social memory and common knowledge about the past.

Keywords: common memory, history, social memory

Introduction

In research on social memory, both individual and collective, it is assumed – consciously or customarily – that the subject of memory is an autonomous individual. Of course, this is an individual shaped by society in the processes of socialization and culture, but it does not change the...

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