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Relational Reason, Morals and Sociality

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Edited By Elżbieta Hałas and Aleksander Manterys

Relational sociology draws attention to non-utilitarian aspects of sociality that reach beyond instrumental rationality, and presents the problem of relational reason. Shaping a civil society under cultural plurality requires reflection upon relational rationality. This book focuses on relational goods as an emergent effect of social relations, focusing on the issue of good life and the Good Society.

The relational approach involves viewing social relations neither as an expression of the system nor as an individual action, but as a human reality in its own right, based on reciprocity.

The authors explore the moral dimensions of sociality in various areas of social life. The aim is to enrich the understanding of relationality and of the significance of the relational theory of society.

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Michał Łuczewski: Nation as a Primordializing Subject: Florian Znaniecki and the Foundations of Relational Sociology

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Michał Łuczewski

Nation as a Primordializing Subject: Florian Znaniecki and the Foundations of Relational Sociology

Abstract: The goal of this chapter is threefold. First, I argue that the unifying principle of Florian Znaniecki’s grand theory is to be found in his relational approach. This is the ultimate source that gives Znaniecki’s theory coherence and renders him one of the pioneers of relational paradigm. To demonstrate it, I juxtapose his theory with latest Margaret Archer’s and Pierpaolo Donati’s contribution. Second, their approach serves me to recast Znaniecki’s theory in the light of contemporary sociology, which will help appreciate his system anew. Third, I show how Znaniecki’s sociology of relations and leadership extends relational paradigm to analyze nation in terms of emerging relational subject.

Keywords: Archer, Margaret S., Donati, Pierpaolo, nation, relational sociology, sociology of leadership, Znaniecki, Florian

The goal of this chapter is threefold.1 First, I will argue that the unifying principle of Florian Znaniecki’s grand theory is to be found in his relational approach. This is the ultimate source that gives Znaniecki’s theory coherence and renders him one of the pioneers of relational paradigm. To demonstrate it, I will juxtapose his theory with latest Margaret Archer’s and Pierpaolo Donati’s contributions, who in recent decades developed independently their original systems, morphogenetic approach and relational sociology respectively, which became the corner stones of contemporary sociological theory (see Hałas, Donati 2017).

Second, in the last phase of Znaniecki’s “creative evolution” as a...

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