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Scientific Researches in Health Sciences II

Edited By Fatma Eti Aslan, Gökay Kurtulan and Hayat Yalın

After the COVID pandemic in 2020, the importance of health services was once again understood by the whole world. Scientific research in the field of health services contributes greatly to the development of health services.

In this book, there are a total of 26 chapters in 4 different scientific fields: 6 in nutrition and dietetics, 11 in nursing, 6 in physiotherapy and rehabilitation and 3 in health management.

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Pelin Pişirici and Evrim Karadağ Saygı


Investigation the Effectiveness of Low-Dose Laser Treatment in Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome-Randomized Controlled Study


Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of low-dose laser therapy (LDLT) on pain, disability, and quality of life (QoL) in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS).

Materials and Methods: Forty patients, 31 females and 9 males, were randomized into 2 groups of 20 people each, as laser group (LG) and control group (CG), by simple matching method. Knee extension and hip abduction muscle strength, hamstring, and iliotibial band (ITB) flexibility measurements were repeated at pretreatment and posttreatment. Patients’ resting and activity pain levels are measured by visual analog scale (VAS), mental and physical disability levels are measured by pain disability index (PDI) and QoL is assessed by short form 36 (SF-36) at the pretreatment, posttreatment and 8th week. LG received hot pack, ultrasound (US), exercise, and LDLT. CG received same treatment but US and LDLT is applied placebo. LDLT is applied 10 sessions: 5 days a week for 2 weeks.

Results: The mean age of the LG and CG was 40±9.8 and 44±6 years, respectively. In LG, resting and activity VAS values showed improvement at posttreatment and 8th week. In the CG, while there was an improvement in activity and resting in VAS values at posttreatment, this decrease continued only in activity at the 8th week. In SF-36 evaluation, intragroup comparison of physical values; significant improvement was observed at posttreatment and...

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