Edited By Engin ÇAKIR and Yusuf KADERLİ
Social sciences are made up of science disciplines that research humanity, society, and the world with a human dimension, and therefore its domain of influence is also serious and wide. Naturally, the social scientist has the power to influence society with his/her research and writing. This book aims to add the contributions of academicians from different disciplines to the social sciences fields they specialize in the academic literature and to give an idea about new researches. The book contains scientific articles on business, economics, public finance, tourism, and international relations.
Determination of R&D Efficiency Levels of OECD Countries in the Intermediate Innovative Countries Group: Busra Kutlu Karabiyik
Busra Kutlu Karabiyik
Abstract Countries compete for producing technological products in the national and international market. This requires competing countries to constantly update their technology-related capabilities. It is important to use the resources allocated for R&D activities effectively in order to increase technology capabilities. In this study, it is aimed to evaluate the R&D activities of twelve OECD countries, Poland, Portugal, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Cyprus, Malta, Spain, Greece, Lithuania, Latvia, Hungary and Croatia, which are among the moderately innovative countries. Under the assumptions of input oriented constant returns to scale and input oriented variable returns to scale and with the help of the DEAP 2.1. program, data envelopment analysis was carried out. According to the input-oriented CRS model, it was observed that the countries of Poland, Latvia and Hungary are effective and the countries of Portugal, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Cyprus, Malta, Spain, Greece, Lithuania and Croatia are not effecient. Under the VRS assumption, five countries are effective, namely Poland, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Latvia and Hungary and other countries as Portugal, Slovakia, Malta, Spain, Greece, Lithuania and Croatia were found to be inefficient. According to the findings, it was seen that only the Czech Republic has a decreasing return on scale, while Portugal, Slovakia, Cyprus, Malta, Spain, Greece, Lithuania and Croatia countries, which are among the other eight countries, have an increasing return according to the scale.
Keywords: R&D Efficiency, Data Envelopment Analysis (DEAP), CRS, VRS
Research and Development (R&D) activities increase...
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