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Die Flugschriften der Frühreformation aus Nord- und Nordwestböhmen

Ihr Wesen und ihr Bezug zu Wittenberg

Jiří Černý

Die Produktion von deutschen Flugschriften erreichte in den 1520er Jahren auch in Nord- und Nordwestböhmen ihren Höhepunkt. Die Druckwerke der dortigen evangelischen Elite zeigen, wie diese sich an der öffentlichen Debatte um das Gemeinwohl beteiligte, zugleich aber regionale Streitfragen ins Spiel brachte. Das Buch klärt die Entstehungszusammenhänge und Besonderheiten einzelner Druckschriften und beschäftigt sich mit den literarischen und medialen Strategien, die für diese Werke prägend waren und die zum Teil von der zeitgleichen Produktion in Wittenberg abhingen. Es werden Selbstzuschreibungen und Fremdwahrnehmungen untersucht, über die sich die Identität der evangelisierten Gemeinden und ihrer Sprecher konstituierte. Des Weiteren fragt der Autor nach der Funktion dieser Schriften.

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The 1520s in the German-speaking lands witnessed a great boom of pamphlet production in the vernacular. The number of published works written in German and produced in Bohemia and Moravia also increased rapidly in the first half of the decade, however it could in no way be compared to that in the area of today’s Germany. The title page of the oldest pamphlet written in German and connected with Reformation efforts in the area of today’s Czech Republic bears the date 1522. Five years later, the production of Reformation pamphlets in Bohemia and Moravia reached its peak thanks to Anabaptism in Mikulov. Nevertheless, it also reached its low point directly afterwards, as production distinctly declined. Altogether, more than thirty German texts were published in the form of Reformation brochures in Bohemia and Moravia in the 1520s. The most significant centres connected with the authors of these texts were located not only in Moravia but also in north- and northwest Bohemia – the towns included Benešov nad Ploučnicí, Děčín, Jáchymov and Loket.

Foreign priests who inclined to the Reformation could go to these towns to seek the protection of the local nobility. The lords of Schlick and the town council of Jáchymov asked twice that the preacher Johannes Sylvius Egranus come to this mining town. Egranus was born in Cheb, but he had lived in Zwickau in Saxony since 1515. He was the originator of the text published in the oldest pamphlet in Bohemia: “Ein...

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