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Energising Directed Motivational Currents through Learners’ Agency


Arkadiusz Pietluch

This book attempts to demystify concerns surrounding a novel motivational construct known as a Directed Motivational Current. The study aimed at exploring whether a high sense of efficacy may support a person in transforming short-spanned motivational episodes into longitudinal engagement typical for the DMC framework. To this end, a sequential exploratory mixed methodology was used. Subsequently, a link between well-anchored efficacy beliefs and the rate at which DMCs occur was indeed discovered. This was further reinforced by the outcomes of personalised interviews. Eventually, the research yielded several noteworthy conclusions, including the fact that imbuing the DMC structure with elements of efficacy building may lead to long-term, sustained behaviour in a foreign language classroom.

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From its very inception, the field of Second Language Acquisition has been concerned with exploring the factors responsible for a learner’s success while pursuing proficiency in a foreign language. Much investigative effort has been devoted to comprehending human motivation and, in consequence, an array of approaches towards a person’s engagement and success have emerged over the years. Whereas some theories, for instance, the conceptualisation of Second Language Acquisition coined by Krashen, have quickly achieved the status of milestones in the inquiry, other proposals were gradually replaced by their more successful counterparts. Despite the presence of various definitions, it has become a commonplace to consider that motivation, in its essence, seeks to explain the reasons behind a person’s investment in the pursuit of a goal of high personal relevance. Dörnyei (2016: 325) alleges that amongst the researchers interested in comprehending the phenomenon of L2 motivation, it is possible to observe two distinct trends. Whilst the inquiry has been somewhat dominated by the projects targeting large groups of learners in search of the most applicable psychological theory and factors responsible for triggering a person’s motivation, other research endeavours approached the complexity of human behaviour from a holistic perspective, and focused on a few individual cases in the hope of synthesising insights into how people feel and act in contexts of interest (Dörnyei 2016: 326). Likewise, the present work is concerned with the investigation of notions contributing to initiation and maintenance of highly intense motivational involvement in an L2...

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