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Energising Directed Motivational Currents through Learners’ Agency

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Arkadiusz Pietluch

This book attempts to demystify concerns surrounding a novel motivational construct known as a Directed Motivational Current. The study aimed at exploring whether a high sense of efficacy may support a person in transforming short-spanned motivational episodes into longitudinal engagement typical for the DMC framework. To this end, a sequential exploratory mixed methodology was used. Subsequently, a link between well-anchored efficacy beliefs and the rate at which DMCs occur was indeed discovered. This was further reinforced by the outcomes of personalised interviews. Eventually, the research yielded several noteworthy conclusions, including the fact that imbuing the DMC structure with elements of efficacy building may lead to long-term, sustained behaviour in a foreign language classroom.

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CHAPTER II Features of a DMC within motivational frameworks

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Over the years, much effort has been devoted to scrutinising the factors that could potentially accelerate the process of second/ foreign language acquisition. Bearing in mind that the ratio at which a language is acquired is prone to the impact of factors such as age, socio-economic context, or natural abilities of a learner, several different proposals were put forward over time and, yet, no single affective variable was identified as the ultimate performance facilitator. This overall lack of consensus may stem from the fact that all of the notions proposed, to some extent, leverage the pace of language acquisition. Nevertheless, it appears that, to this day, the central focus of the inquiry remains on the concept of motivation. Brown (2000: 12) asserts that, although several attempts have been made, motivation is still a complex area to approach and to be defined from both psychological and educational standpoints. The variable was scrutinised from different angles throughout the last couple of decades, giving rise to a multitude of theories that would be somewhat different in their understanding of the notion’s impact on human performance. They do, however, appear to agree that the study of motivation, in the most primary sense, seeks to explain no less than why human beings engage in certain activities, whereas other tasks are ignored or perceived as not attractive enough to energise an action. Having in mind that the main notion pertaining to motivation were discussed in the previous chapter, the following sections will be devoted...

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