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A kaleidoscope of tourism research:

Insights from the International Competence Network of Tourism Research and Education (ICNT)


Edited By Michael Lück and Claire Liu

The International Competence Network of Tourism Research and Education (ICNT) covers a wide range of research expertise in the fields of tourism, hospitality and events management. ICNT’s sixth book showcases a kaleidoscope of tourism and hospitality topics, ranging from tourism education to sustainable tourism, wildlife tourism, Brexit and tourism, and to travel intermediation, tourist motivation and experiences. The book explains the way tourism and hospitality are understood in different countries around the world. Consequently, this book stimulates thought and discussion on tourist experiences and management, from the viewpoint of various stakeholders. It provides a wealth of new knowledge and will be a valuable resource for students, academics, researchers and industry members alike.

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Interpretation in Protected Areas: The case of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, South Africa


Elricke Botha,Petrus van der MerweandMelville Saayman

Protected areas play a fundamental role in biodiversity conservation (Woodley et al., 2012). A protected area is an “area of land and/or sea especially dedicated to the protection and maintenance of biological diversity, and of natural and associated cultural resources, and managed through legal or other effective means” (Dudley & Stolton, 2008:9). Protected areas such as wilderness areas, conserved community areas, nature reserves and national parks (IUCN, 2018) also have a strong visitor/tourist component. Weaver and Lawton (2017) explain that parks, as protected areas, were first developed for tourists’ enjoyment of scenery and, in some cases, for hunting, with both activities having minimal consideration for ecological impacts. Later on, the development of parks with tourists emerged and this is still ongoing, as managers realised the considerable impact humans can have on the environment and have therefore opted for more support for conservation (Weaver & Lawton, 2017). These authors, however, recognised a third-generation situation where parks and tourists coexist in a relationship in which both parties obtain benefits. On the one hand, tourists fund the operational costs of conserving the environment due to a decrease in public funding worldwide (Eagles, 2002; 2014) and on the other hand, protected areas provide ample opportunity for nature tourists to satisfy their specific needs.

As numerous authors have found, nature tourists to protected areas (referred to hereafter as ecotourists) tend to be well educated (Bidder, Kibat & Fatt, 2016; Botha, Saayman & Kruger,...

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