Show Less
Restricted access

A kaleidoscope of tourism research:

Insights from the International Competence Network of Tourism Research and Education (ICNT)


Edited By Michael Lück and Claire Liu

The International Competence Network of Tourism Research and Education (ICNT) covers a wide range of research expertise in the fields of tourism, hospitality and events management. ICNT’s sixth book showcases a kaleidoscope of tourism and hospitality topics, ranging from tourism education to sustainable tourism, wildlife tourism, Brexit and tourism, and to travel intermediation, tourist motivation and experiences. The book explains the way tourism and hospitality are understood in different countries around the world. Consequently, this book stimulates thought and discussion on tourist experiences and management, from the viewpoint of various stakeholders. It provides a wealth of new knowledge and will be a valuable resource for students, academics, researchers and industry members alike.

Show Summary Details
Restricted access

Tourist Relevance and Perception of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and National Parks in Germany: The Case Study of the “Wadden Sea”


Anne Köchling

Unique cultural and natural heritage sites of outstanding value to humanity have been awarded world heritage site status by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) since 1972. Inclusion in the world heritage list is preceded by a lengthy application process in which the sites, or state parties in which the sites are located, demonstrate that at least one out of ten criteria required for inclusion is met and the prerequisites for protection and management of the site are fulfilled (UNESCO World Heritage Centre, 2019). As of 2020, 1,121 sites in 167 countries worldwide have been granted UNESCO world heritage status. There are currently 46 sites in Germany, including 43 cultural world heritage and three natural world heritage sites. The Schleswig-Holstein, Lower Saxony and Dutch sections of the Wadden Sea have been recognised as a UNESCO world heritage site since 2009. In 2011, the world heritage site area was expanded to include the Hamburg Wadden Sea and in 2014 the Danish area was added, so the entire Wadden Sea has been protected across borders since then (UNESCO World Heritage Centre, 2020a). The Wadden Sea is the largest coherent tidal flat landscape in the world and one of the last areas of European wilderness in which the natural environment has largely remained free of human influence (Gätje & Babinsky, 2008).

Prior to inclusion in the list of UNESCO world heritage sites, the German Wadden Sea region in Schleswig-Holstein had already...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.