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Societies and Spaces in Contact

Between Convergence and Divergence


Edited By Milan Bufon, Tove H. Malloy and Colin Williams

This volume represents an inter-disciplinary discussion of some fundamental categories of convergence and divergence, focusing in particular on issues of both social integration and devolution related to ethnos as the space of identity, and demos as the space of polity. The aims of the book are to assess past developments within crucial parts of Central Europe where both conflict and coexistence potentials seem to best represent the actual “unity in diversity” managing dilemma in the continent; to provide an analysis of current approaches to minority protection, language planning, spatial and social cross-border and inter-cultural policies; and to develop an evaluation of the future trends and opportunities for co-operation and re-integration within a local and broader operational context.

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A Foreign Country as a Homeland or a Homeland as a Foreign Country in the Novel Crnoturci (Monte-Turks ) of Husein Bašić (Miluša Bakrač)


Miluša Bakrač

This chapter will present an image of the ‘others’ through which cultural specificity, cultural diversity and cultural similarity, based on the replacement of Turkish with Montenegrin culture after the liberation of Nikšić in 1877, will be defined.

“On September 9, 1877, after the famous victories over the Turkish army at Vučji dol in 1876, in Duga Nikšićka and Ostroški klanac in 1877, which were celebrated by all Europe, Nikšić was liberated. Before the liberation, there were 3,000–4,000 inhabitants” (Klajić 1878, p. 93). There were only 40 Christian families. There were 1800 indigenous peoples in the villages in plains and perimeter. With the liberation from the Turks, the isolation of Nikšić and the Nikšić ←239 | 240→region from the surrounding area finally disappeared… “At the time, once again, almost the whole population changed. There were only 19 Muslim families left. The rest emigrated mainly to Shkoder and later to Turkey” (Radojičić 1982, p. 113).

Before the liberation the majority of the population in Nikšić was Muslim, so this chronotope (Bahtin 1989) was home to them. In the changed circumstances, with the arrival of the Christian population, their homeland was relativised and became a foreign country, causing emigration of this population. The image of the Other (Pageaux 2009) under new circumstances, became complex, and one’s own being was seen as the ‘other.’

We will analyze the emigration of...

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