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Synergy I: Marginalisation, Discrimination, Isolation and Existence in Literature

Edited By A.Nejat Töngür and Yıldıray Çevik

Studies on the distinguished works of English and American literature of various genres like poetry, plays and fiction are included in this book focusing on and around the central themes of “Marginalisation, Discrimination, Isolation, and Existence.” The aim of the book is to investigate the issues of “Marginalisation, Discrimination, Isolation, and Existence” within the frameworks of gender, colonization, multiculturalism, religion, race, generation gap, politics, technology, immigration, and class.

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Abstract: Considering D.H. Lawrence’s American writings written between 1923 and 1925, the chapter will show how Lawrence depicts discrimination and identification in colonized societies that challenge implicitly conventional understandings of multi-culturalism and diversity. In his Studies in Classic American Literature, D.H. Lawrence (1923/2020) asserts: “Every continent has its own great spirit of place. Every people is polarized in some particular locality, which is home, the homeland. Different places on the face of the earth have different vital effluence, different vibration, different chemical exhalation, different polarity with different stars: call it what you like. But the spirit of place is a great reality” (p. 45). Lawrence’s concept of discrimination and identification is linked to his perception of self, by extension Europeanism and Englishness find expression in his American writings which concentrate on place referring to racism, sexism, chauvinism, intolerance, prejudice, oppression, cruelty and bias between the white colonizers and the dark complexioned colonized or white and dark modes of consciousness. In the American continent Lawrence discovers a religious promise in the residue of aboriginal culture, which for England, and by extension for Europe, suggests the possibility of redemption and a new beginning. My argument is, however, that Lawrence’s American vision regarding discrimination and identification is marked by ambivalence, at once optimistic and pessimistic, sympathetic and anxious.

Keywords: discrimination, identification, self, love, Englishness

Between 1923 and 1925 D.H. Lawrence wrote Mornings in Mexico and The Plumed Serpent. Mornings in Mexico acts...

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