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Synergy I: Marginalisation, Discrimination, Isolation and Existence in Literature

Edited By A.Nejat Töngür and Yıldıray Çevik

Studies on the distinguished works of English and American literature of various genres like poetry, plays and fiction are included in this book focusing on and around the central themes of “Marginalisation, Discrimination, Isolation, and Existence.” The aim of the book is to investigate the issues of “Marginalisation, Discrimination, Isolation, and Existence” within the frameworks of gender, colonization, multiculturalism, religion, race, generation gap, politics, technology, immigration, and class.

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XIV: IS CHIVALRIC LOVE THE TRUE LOVE? (Elif GÜVENDİ YALÇIN and Hatice Gönül ÜÇELE)

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Elif GÜVENDİ YALÇIN and Hatice Gönül ÜÇELE

Abstract: Romances dates back to the creation of stories. In English history, the romance genre has evolved from the middle aged chivalric romances in between 14th and 15th centuries, to Elizabethan romances in the 16th century, to Gothic romances in the 18th century and the romances of the 19th century. Anthony Giddens’s theory of “The Transformation of Intimacy” proposes that romantic love which he sees as the outcome of modernization of Western societies emerges in the late 18th century onwards and is linked with romance as a literature genre. Giddens starts with the appearance of romantic love which is a paragon that is extensively distributed in the 19th century, when marriage starts to get rid of the monetary and kinship ties which have the utmost importance in pre modern societies. In this concept, love which is inconsistent with intimacy and sexuality in pre modern societies is transformed into a confluent love in modern societies with the appearance of more independent and emancipated individuals. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the idea of courtly love within the concepts of gender, sexuality, marriage and rape. Therefore, this paper examines the classic work of Sir Walter Scott’s Ivanhoe (1820). Ivanhoe (1820) is accepted as the classics of both English language-literature and Scottish literature. Although Ivanhoe is not accepted as ‘non serious’ popular romance novel, it employs the traditional development of the romance story line, which can be summarized...

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