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Die Quellen der Philosophie und Phänomenologie der Religion- Sources of the Philosophy and Phenomenology of Religion

Überlegungen zu Rudolf Ottos "Das Heilige</I> - Considerations on Rudolf Otto’s "The Holy</I>

Edited By Dominika Jacyk-Manikowska

Das Ziel dieser Arbeit ist die Zusammenstellung der Quellen der Philosophie und Phänomenologie der Religion in der Perspektive einiger auf Ottos Das Heilige gerichteten Überlegungen. Unter dem Gesichtspunkt der neuen Religionserfahrungsanalysen lenken diese Erwägungen die Aufmerksamkeit auf die Genese der aktuell herrschenden Tendenzen in der Religionsphilosophie und charakterisieren die Einwirkungen von Das Heilige.
The aim of this work is to outline the sources of philosophy and phenomenology of religion in the perspective of several discussions focused on Rudolf Otto’s The Holy. Taking into account the new methods of analyzing religious experience these deliberations concern the genesis of contemporary tendencies predominating in the philosophy of religion and also describe the influence of The Holy.


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Mirosław Patalon, The complementarity of rational andnon-rational aspects of religion in the thought of Rudolf Otto, Ernst Troeltsch, and H. Richard Niebuhr 79


79 Mirosław Patalon The complementarity of rational and non-rational aspects of religion in the thought of Rudolf Otto, Ernst Troeltsch, and H. Richard Niebuhr The aim of this presentation is to show the similarities in the relation of the rational and non-rational elements of religion in the thought of three theologians: Rudolph Otto (1869–1937), Ernst Troeltsch (1865– 1923), and H. Richard Niebuhr (1894–1962). It seems that all of them, in spite of the main trends of their times, were trying to establish a dialogue incorporating various voices as a means to comprehending Deity; they saw these approaches not as mutually exclusive but as complementary poles of a single entity. Nineteenth century protestant theology was strongly influenced by the Enlightenment’s trust in reason and science. Theologians tried to explain everything that appeared mystical and superstitious by means of the historical-critical method. Many started with theology and moved to the philosophy of religion and the comparative study of religions and concluded that phenomenology was the most rea- sonable and neutral approach. With respect to science, Rudolf Otto was one of those who demonstrated the danger of overemphasizing the rational aspect in religion and argued that there should be a ba- lance with the mystical and non-rational aspect. Numen, unattaina- ble, irreducible to rationalizing explanation always lies beyond the man’s reason and senses. Theological dogmas represent not the truth about God but the truth about the believer’s experience of the Holy. Thus theology cannot be identified with God himself; all...

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