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Die Quellen der Philosophie und Phänomenologie der Religion- Sources of the Philosophy and Phenomenology of Religion

Überlegungen zu Rudolf Ottos "Das Heilige</I> - Considerations on Rudolf Otto’s "The Holy</I>

Edited By Dominika Jacyk-Manikowska

Das Ziel dieser Arbeit ist die Zusammenstellung der Quellen der Philosophie und Phänomenologie der Religion in der Perspektive einiger auf Ottos Das Heilige gerichteten Überlegungen. Unter dem Gesichtspunkt der neuen Religionserfahrungsanalysen lenken diese Erwägungen die Aufmerksamkeit auf die Genese der aktuell herrschenden Tendenzen in der Religionsphilosophie und charakterisieren die Einwirkungen von Das Heilige.
The aim of this work is to outline the sources of philosophy and phenomenology of religion in the perspective of several discussions focused on Rudolf Otto’s The Holy. Taking into account the new methods of analyzing religious experience these deliberations concern the genesis of contemporary tendencies predominating in the philosophy of religion and also describe the influence of The Holy.


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Joel Burnell, Polish Messianism and Rudolf Otto 107


107 Joel Burnell Polish Messianism and Rudolf Otto 1 Introduction Following the partition of Poland in 1795, Jan Paweł Woronicz (1753–1829), a Catholic priest and classicist poet, drew on Polish tra- ditions and the Old Testament prophets to describe the past, present and future of the Polish nation in terms of its covenant relationship with God. Woronicz’s classical form of messianism was adapted by the following romantic generation, who declared Poland to be the “Christ-of-the-Nations”, suffering innocently for the political sins of Europe. The “resurrection” of Poland as an independent state would signal the victory of democracy over tyranny, and usher in a new era of Christianity where nations would live together as brothers. Polish messianism became closely associated with romanticism, represen- ted in this paper by the poet Adam Mickiewicz, whose publication in 1822 of Ballads and Ro mances is regarded as the beginning of the romantic era in Poland. Adam Mickiewicz and Rudolf Otto came from different countries and belonged to different religious traditions; they lived in different times and socio-historical contexts. Yet Mickiewicz and Otto were influenced by similar sources to a surprising extent. Both drew on Platonism, Christian orthodoxy, romanticism, and mysticism. Otto’s sources are well known. For his part, Mickiewicz read widely, distin- guishing himself on this account even among the Philomats, his stu- dent companions at the University of Vilnius, of whom Stefanowska writes: “Today we are still amazed, when we trace the intellectual biography of Philomatic youth. In the course of a...

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