Papers from the Thirteenth International Conference on Methods in Dialectology, 2008
Edited By Barry Heselwood and Clive Upton
PART VI. Phonetics And Phonology
Part VI Phonetics And Phonology 30. On the relationship of two Japanese regional koines: evidence from pitch-accent patterns in Karafuto and Hokkaido Japanese1 Yoshiyuki Asahi The National Institute for Japanese Language, JAPAN 1. Introduction It is not well-known that some Japanese regional varieties can be categorised as regional koines, not only in the main islands of Japan but in Japanese diasporas. The Karafuto dialect on the Russian island of Sakhalin and the Hokkaido dialect on Hokkaido, a northern island of Japan, can be categorised as regional koines. As immigration patterns in these islands show a large degree of similarity, it is intriguing to examine to what extent the koine-formation patterns of the two regional koines are related to each other. This paper will first present a brief description of Sakhalin and Hokkaido, which will be followed by an illustration of the framework for my analysis. The survey design will be shown, and the linguistic variable will be described. Analysis will be conducted to create a comparative account of linguistic change in two dialects, Karafuto and the Sapporo dialect of Hokkaido. The last section will summarise the findings and raise suggestions for future study. 2. Sakhalin and Hokkaido This section first gives an overview of Karafuto and Hokkaido. Figure 1 shows Figure 1. Location of Sakhalin and Hokkaido 321 Asahi the location of each. Karafuto is the Japanese name for the Russian Island, Sakhalin. Karafuto belonged to Japan between 1905 and 1945. Hokkaido, as is clear in Figure 1, is located...
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