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Proceedings of Methods XIII

Papers from the Thirteenth International Conference on Methods in Dialectology, 2008


Edited By Barry Heselwood and Clive Upton

This volume of papers from the 13th International Conference on Methods in Dialectology, held at the University of Leeds in 2008, collects together current research and recent methodological developments in the study of dialects by new and established scholars. It is organised into themed sections reporting on historical dialectology, dialect literature, the production of dialect maps and atlases, and the collection and organisation of material for dialect dictionaries and corpora. Perceptual dialectology and dialect intelligibility are also featured, and there are linguistic analyses of dialectal data from many language varieties.


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PART VI. Phonetics And Phonology


Part VI Phonetics And Phonology 30. On the relationship of two Japanese regional koines: evidence from pitch-accent patterns in Karafuto and Hokkaido Japanese1 Yoshiyuki Asahi The National Institute for Japanese Language, JAPAN 1. Introduction It is not well-known that some Japanese regional varieties can be categorised as regional koines, not only in the main islands of Japan but in Japanese diasporas. The Karafuto dialect on the Russian island of Sakhalin and the Hokkaido dialect on Hokkaido, a northern island of Japan, can be categorised as regional koines. As immigration patterns in these islands show a large degree of similarity, it is intriguing to examine to what extent the koine-formation patterns of the two regional koines are related to each other. This paper will first present a brief description of Sakhalin and Hokkaido, which will be followed by an illustration of the framework for my analysis. The survey design will be shown, and the linguistic variable will be described. Analysis will be conducted to create a comparative account of linguistic change in two dialects, Karafuto and the Sapporo dialect of Hokkaido. The last section will summarise the findings and raise suggestions for future study. 2. Sakhalin and Hokkaido This section first gives an overview of Karafuto and Hokkaido. Figure 1 shows Figure 1. Location of Sakhalin and Hokkaido 321 Asahi the location of each. Karafuto is the Japanese name for the Russian Island, Sakhalin. Karafuto belonged to Japan between 1905 and 1945. Hokkaido, as is clear in Figure 1, is located...

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