Theory, Methodology and Structure of Chinese Medicine
Edited By Friedrich G. Wallner, Fengli Lan and Martin J. Jandl
Lan Fengli Metaphor, Qu Xiang Bi Lei and Chinese Medicine 63
63 Lan Fengli Metaphor, Qu Xiang Bi Lei and Chinese Medicine The thesis explains metaphor, the thinking way of qu xiang bi lei, and their philosophical foundations, takes some examples to illustrate how meta- phors are used to state and construct the theoretical system of Chinese medicine and to develop Chinese medicine in both theoretical and practic- al explorations in the thinking way of qu xiang bi lei, and finally draws a conclusion that metaphor in the thinking way of qu xiang bi lei is an impor- tant means and process of stating, constructing and developing Chinese medicine. Introduction Modernization of Chinese medicine must be directed by scientific metho- dology, and scientific methodology belongs in the field of philosophy, esp. the field of philosophy of science. The key tone of the modern Western philosophy focuses on language analysis and understanding. Today, lan- guage is redefined as the means and process of human beings cognizing, understanding and stating the world.1 The founding of philosophy of lan- guage at the beginning of the last century is another “Copernican revolu- tion” in the history of philosophy,2 which has deeply influenced philosophy of science, highlighting the vital role of linguistic analysis in the scientific methodology, thus promoting the development of modern logic. Modern logic stresses the role of language, regards a scientific theory as a language system, being composed of word items, sentences, and their logic relationships. When analyzing Chinese medical system, how the basic Chinese medical concepts and theories were formed, stated...
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