Theory, Methodology and Structure of Chinese Medicine
Edited By Friedrich G. Wallner, Fengli Lan and Martin J. Jandl
Ma Xiaotong TCM Essential Conception and Methods of the Theory 95
95 Ma Xiaotong TCM Essential Conception and Methods of the Theory The theoretical system of TCM has been constructed with the View of the Whole Generation as the nature view, Information Ontology and View of Comprehensive Experience as the methodology. The View of the Whole Generation had taken shape in the discussion of Relationship between Doctrine and Substance continually, regarding existence of the world as a process from one to much, and do so to derive the view of life and disease of TCM. The Information Ontology and the View of Comprehensive Expe- rience were coming from exploring of the Relationship between Form and Spirit as well as the Relationship between Human Being and Heaven. The former divided substance into two aspects, information and structure, and prefered to recognize the active law of target by information. The latter combined subject and object and then integrated them in practice. The three theories above have interpreted the source, course and microcosmic mechanism of integrated conception (nature view) and determination of treatment based on differentiation of syndromes (epistemology) what were understood as the characteristics of TCM, and replenished the ontology as a new category. Ordinarily, modern scholars summarize the characteristic of TCM as the integrated conception and the determination of treatment based on differentiation of syndromes. The former could be grasped as a view, and the latter is the description of method. Such a statement has been preva- lent several tens of years, and almost has become the common under- standing in the...
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