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Q or not Q?

The So-Called Triple, Double, and Single Traditions in the Synoptic Gospels

Bartosz Adamczewski

The study analyses the current state of research on the synoptic problem and proves that the Synoptic Gospels were written in the Mark, Luke, Matthew order of direct literary dependence. Moreover, the work demonstrates that the Synoptic Gospels are results of systematic, sequential, hypertextual reworking of the contents of the Pauline letters. Accordingly, the so-called ‘Q source’ turns out to be an invention of nineteenth-century scholars with their Romantic hermeneutic presuppositions. Demonstration of the fact that the Gospels are not records of the activity of the historical Jesus but that they narratively illustrate the identity of Christ as it has been revealed in the person and life of Paul the Apostle will certainly have major consequences for the whole Christian theology.

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Acknowledgments 5

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5 Acknowledgments I would like to thank Professor Roman Bartnicki (Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw) for introducing me for the first time to the complexity of the synoptic problem and for encouraging me to find my own solution to this apparently already satisfactorily settled issue. I owe a debt of gratitude to Professor Henryk Witczyk (The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin) for teaching me how to find over-literal levels of meaning of biblical texts by paying close attention to their apparently insignifi- cant literary features. I am grateful also to Professors Ryszard Rubinkiewicz and Antoni Paciorek (both: The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin) for en- couraging me to practice actively biblical exegesis. My special thanks go to Professor Karl P. Donfried (Smith College in Northampton, Mass.), Professor Andrzej Gieniusz (Pontifical Urbaniana Univer- sity in Rome), and Dr Zdzisław J. Kapera (Jagiellonian University in Cracow) for their friendly encouraging me to study Jewish exegetical traditions, to use modern tools of exegetical research, and to publish the results of my investiga- tions in English. I am indebted to Professor Dean Bechard (Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome) and Dr hab. Artur Malina (University of Silesia in Katowice) who en- couraged me to turn back in my research to the study of the Synoptic Gospels. I am very grateful to my dear mother, Jolanta Adamczewska, MSc for her love, prayer, encouragement, and help. My special thanks go to my dear grand- father, Józef Chmielewski, MA who...

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