The So-Called Triple, Double, and Single Traditions in the Synoptic Gospels
Chapter 5: Matthew’s use of his sources 401
401 Chapter 5: Matthew’s use of his sources Matthew’s use of his sources was investigated in modern research mainly in categories of his use of Mk and of some other, non-Pauline, non-Markan, and non-Lukan sources (‘Q’, oral traditions, numerous hypothetical sources, a proto- gospel, a calendar scheme, etc.). Additionally, attempts were made to recon- struct the source of material that is peculiar to Mt (the so-called ‘M’ source). At the same time, the possibility of Matthean dependence on the Pauline literary tradition was generally rejected by the scholars as incompatible with the particularly Jewish or Jewish Christian character of Mt. The same feature (the peculiarly Jewish character, and consequently alleged relative originality of Mt) was widely regarded as axiomatically precluding Matthean dependence on the works that display several literary correspondences to it, especially Lk, Acts, Jas, and 1 Pet. However, if the hypothesis of Matthean dependence on both Mk and Lk is true, and consequently if Mt was written not as the first (as it was assumed by Augustine) but as the last of the Synoptic Gospels, then the possibility of Mat- thean dependence on numerous other Christian works (e.g. Jas, 1 Pet, and Acts) has to be taken into serious consideration. Since the main counter-argument against the hypothesis of the Mk-Lk-Mt order of direct, sequential literary dependence of the Synoptic Gospels is based on the allegedly observed pattern of Matthean, at least partial, relative original- ity against the version of the double Mt-Lk tradition that is witnessed in Lk,...
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