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Q or not Q?

The So-Called Triple, Double, and Single Traditions in the Synoptic Gospels

Bartosz Adamczewski

The study analyses the current state of research on the synoptic problem and proves that the Synoptic Gospels were written in the Mark, Luke, Matthew order of direct literary dependence. Moreover, the work demonstrates that the Synoptic Gospels are results of systematic, sequential, hypertextual reworking of the contents of the Pauline letters. Accordingly, the so-called ‘Q source’ turns out to be an invention of nineteenth-century scholars with their Romantic hermeneutic presuppositions. Demonstration of the fact that the Gospels are not records of the activity of the historical Jesus but that they narratively illustrate the identity of Christ as it has been revealed in the person and life of Paul the Apostle will certainly have major consequences for the whole Christian theology.


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Chapter 5: Matthew’s use of his sources 401


401 Chapter 5: Matthew’s use of his sources Matthew’s use of his sources was investigated in modern research mainly in categories of his use of Mk and of some other, non-Pauline, non-Markan, and non-Lukan sources (‘Q’, oral traditions, numerous hypothetical sources, a proto- gospel, a calendar scheme, etc.). Additionally, attempts were made to recon- struct the source of material that is peculiar to Mt (the so-called ‘M’ source). At the same time, the possibility of Matthean dependence on the Pauline literary tradition was generally rejected by the scholars as incompatible with the particularly Jewish or Jewish Christian character of Mt. The same feature (the peculiarly Jewish character, and consequently alleged relative originality of Mt) was widely regarded as axiomatically precluding Matthean dependence on the works that display several literary correspondences to it, especially Lk, Acts, Jas, and 1 Pet. However, if the hypothesis of Matthean dependence on both Mk and Lk is true, and consequently if Mt was written not as the first (as it was assumed by Augustine) but as the last of the Synoptic Gospels, then the possibility of Mat- thean dependence on numerous other Christian works (e.g. Jas, 1 Pet, and Acts) has to be taken into serious consideration. Since the main counter-argument against the hypothesis of the Mk-Lk-Mt order of direct, sequential literary dependence of the Synoptic Gospels is based on the allegedly observed pattern of Matthean, at least partial, relative original- ity against the version of the double Mt-Lk tradition that is witnessed in Lk,...

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