Global Ambitions and Decline- Emergence of the Interregional Asian Triangle and the Relegation of the US as a Hegemonic Power. The Reorientation of Europe
3. The rise of the USA as a hegemonic power 21
3. The rise of the USA as a hegemonic power 3.1. Forty years of an intra-Western triangle involving the USA, Japan and Western Europe and the East-West conflict as the basis of US hegemony 3.1.1. The intra-Western triangle of USA-West Europe-Japan The fundamentals of a long-term US foreign policy were set down in the Munroe Doctrine of 3rd December 1823. Under the slogan “America for the Americans”, it proclaimed the existence of two political spheres, called for an end to all attempts at colonization in the Western hemisphere (thereby achieving a state of non-colonization) and warned of US intervention in cases where the European colonial powers ignored these political tenets. Once Latin America was geopolitically demarcated as America’s backyard, the trade relations of the Central and Latin American states came to gradually be reoriented to the United States. Even before the end of the Second World War, the USA brought the South and Latin American states together for the Inter-American Conference of Chapultepec on 8.3.1945. The Act of Chapultepec contains assurances of mutual support in the event of attacks on any of the signatory countries. With this Pact, which was later followed by the Defense Pact of Rio de Janeiro on 30.8.1947, the USA assured itself – just six months before the adoption of the United Nations Charter on 24.10.1945 in San Francisco – that the American hemisphere would be free of intervention from non-American powers. This move was rooted in the thinking that in coming into force, the Charter – which aimed...
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