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Crossing Boundaries

Studies in English Language, Literature, and Culture in a Global Environment

Edited By Richard Nordquist

The articles in this volume were originally presented in spring 2009 at an international conference hosted by the Institute of Germanic and Romance Languages and Cultures at Tallinn University in Estonia. The theme of «crossing boundaries» is reflected in the rich mix of genres, cultures, applications, and critical theories considered here. Indeed, these articles demonstrate that crossing boundaries can be a companionable journey as well an intellectually enriching experience.

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Žanna Razinkova - Discursive Definition of National Identity and Citizenship: A Comparative Study of American, Canadian and Estonian Constitutions and Civil RightsDocuments - 101

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101 Žanna Razinkova DISCURSIVE DEFINITION OF NATIONAL IDENTITY AND CITIZENSHIP: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF AMERICAN, CANADIAN AND ESTONIAN CONSTITUTIONS AND CIVIL RIGHTS DOCUMENTS Introduction Over the years, globalisation has come to be one of the most contested topics. It has been usually mentioned in connection with economic, political, technologi- cal and social issues on the international level, so that everyone “knows” what globalisation is. But, globalisation is not about what is “out there” in the world. It is inside one’s country, state and city, in a local shop in the form of tangerines from Morocco and a shopkeeper from India, Pakistan or any other country you can possibly think of. This may be too simplistic a view, but it does identify two major issues that have become apparent because of globalisation: liberal trade relations and free movement of people across the national borders. The rapid in- crease in intercultural interaction, cross-border economic, social and technological exchange that globalisation has brought along has had enormous impact on the lives of different societies worldwide. The world, indeed, has become greatly intertwined and integrated in very many ways, resulting in “the convergence of societies toward a uniform pattern of economic, political and even cultural organisation” (Guillén 244). A complete homogenation is however impossible. Most of us, as Stiglitz observes, “will al- ways live locally – in our own communities, states, countries. But globalisation has meant that we are, at the same time, part of a global community” (22). There- fore, communities, states and...

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