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Power and Poverty

Is the EU a New Planet?

Alpago Alpago

This book focuses on the economic and political relations between the EU, Turkey, Morocco and Mediterranean Countries. It examines these relations from a global and pluralistic perspective and investigates them through a comparative analysis. The study reveals the untold issues and that’s why it leads the readers to go beyond the borders. It is a professional and important source, particularly for economic and political decision makers. Furthermore this book addresses everyone, who wants to know about the background of international economic and political happenings.


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Section III 71


71 Section III EU-Mediterranean Cooperation (The Project of the MEDA Program) Preface The focus of this paper is on the projects of the EU-Mediterranean partnership and their current manifestation. The basis of the EU-Mediterranean partnership is to be found in the Barcelona Process. The EU and Mediterranean countries have started this process; a new era was launched to ensure their economic and political relations in a mutually beneficial world-wide position. Turkey and the other 12 Mediterranean countries have united under the leadership of the EU Commission in the framework of the Barcelona process. Its goal is to create a free trade area. In this region economic, financial, political, social and cultural affairs have to extended together and parallel to each other. The MEDA (Mediterranean Economy Development Agency) is an important foundation to achieve these goals. The goal of these Countries is to create a powerful free trade area by 2010, through the MEDA program. In other hand, the relations between the EU and Mediterranean countries has until now been based more on development cooperation. Therefore, these relationships can be defined much more as collaboration between two unequally powerful regional blocs. In this process, the EU plays a crucial role, because these countries have not yet been able to form a strong cooperation and common goals among each other. All countries except Israel have development problems. These countries have partially similar economic crises. Their economy is based fundamentally on agriculture; they try to industrialize their economy and to stabilize it. So...

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