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Skill Formation Regimes in South Asia

A Comparative Study on the Path-Dependent Development of Technical and Vocational Education and Training for the Garment Industry

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Markus Maurer

In the face of accelerated economic globalisation, many of the industries in economically less developed countries have become more technology-intensive. Skill formation processes, both inside and outside firms, are therefore changing. This study scrutinises such transformations by comparing – from the perspective of historical institutionalism – the skill formation regimes of the garment industries in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. It sheds light on the differences between the trajectories of the in-firm skill formation regimes of the two countries, and reveals the important part that varying paths of educational development in both countries have played in shaping these trajectories. At the same time, the study shows how, in both countries, state-led skill formation regimes have been transformed not only by market forces and the growing importance of corporate business interests, but also by the social demand for educational credentials.

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INDEX 445

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INDEX 200 Garment Factories Programme 118, 163, 165, 166, 168, 173, 185, 186, 205, 206-208, 214, 383, 391, 396 Actor-centred institutionalism 49, 51 Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC) 104, 105, 168, 174, 188, 190, 303, 384 Asian Development Bank (ADB) 26, 132, 133, 137, 140, 141, 143, 268, 276, 281 Awami League 249-253, 273, 277, 288, 295, 379 Bandaranaike, Sirimavo 113, 196 Bandaranaike, Solomon W.R.D. 112 Bandaranaike-Kumaratunga, Chandrika 116, 169 Bangladesh Export Processing Zones Authority (BEPZA) 293 Bangladesh Garments Manufactures and Exporters Association (BGMEA) 294, 300-302, 306-308, 312, 322, 336, 339-340, 342- 345, 347-348, 351, 357, 367-373, 382, 384-385, 383, 390, 393, 401 Bangladesh Knitwear Manufactures and Exporters Association (BKMEA) 308, 367-369, 385 Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) 251-253, 267, 290, 295, 301, 334, 339, 352, 384, 385 Bangladesh Textile Manufacturers Association (BTMA) 300, 333, 368 Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) 271, 272, 367 Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) 213, 214, 241 446 Maurer: Skill Formation Regimes in South Asia Clothing Industry Training Centre (CITI) 92, 97, 199-206, 208, 210, 212, 221, 224-230, 238, 241, 242, 389, 390, 392, 393, 396, 399, 400, 424-426 Corporatist training strategies 65 Critical junctures 41, 53, 54, 86, 96, 377, 419, 420 Delegation of the European Commission (EC) 226, 281, 309, 368 Department for International Development (DFID) 320, 350, 370, 372 Dependency theory 10, 28, 29 Distributional effect 54, 387, 388, 392, 395 Ershad, Hussain Mohammed 252, 253, 256, 267, 271, 292, 293, 300, 301 Export Processing Zone (EPZ) 188, 293,...

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