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Environmental Management Systems in Local Public Authorities

A Comparative Study of the Introduction and Implementation of EMAS in the United Kingdom and Germany

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Martin Jungwirth

This study analyses the introduction and implementation processes of the European environmental management standard EMAS in modern local public administrations in the UK and Germany. Based on the different political and institutional settings, a qualitative analysis reveals the effects of the policy instrument. The study comes to the conclusion that the organizational processes are mostly dependent on the dominant actors within each organization. The orientation towards New Public Management can be beneficial for organizations working with EMAS while others can use it to start a modernization process. On a national level, EMAS is a classical case of an innovative, voluntary and flexible policy instrument with an imperfect national implementation that has dramatic effects on its use.

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6 Empirical Findings 165

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6 Empirical Findings 6.1 Introduction Within this chapter, the main aim is to describe and analyse the outcomes of the interview analysis as methodologically described in chapter five. To begin with, in the following, the main questions of the analysis will be recapitulated in a comprehensive form. First, the two concepts, the classical Weberian orientation of an authority or the modern, market-focused way of working under the NPM model describe the two antipodes of today’s public authority management. Within this analytical part, it is examined whether the authorities work more towards one of the two models and whether the management contains elements of both models. The variables used here are based on the ones given in table 4.2. The findings of this part of the analysis give an indication of the management culture of the authorities and thus answer the research question of the effects of the management culture on the implementation of EMAS as a policy instrument. Second, the introduction and implementation of EMAS is analysed with the policy cycle, keeping in mind the different variables set out in table 5.3. The following questions lead the analysis of the interviews in this part: for the problem perception phase, the question of discrepancy is the leading one. Within the agenda setting, there is the question of whether the process can be described as a policy adoption or a policy innovation and whether this process was initiated by society or by a public authority. The policy formulation phase concentrates on the...

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