Edited By Wojciech Kalaga, Marzena Kubisz and Jacek Mydla
PART II. BETWEEN HISTORY AND RELIGION
PART II BETWEEN HISTORY AND RELIGION Aleksander Gomola Does the Bible Say What It Says? “The Circular Dance” of Feminist Biblical Interpretation Traditional and modern strategies of reading the Bible The Bible, given its religious role and cultural status in the Western world, occupies an important place in hermeneutics. Read, interpreted, and translated even by non-believers,1 the biblical text has been approached for thousands of years from practically every philosophical perspective within and without the community of Christians. Most interpretations have aimed at supporting and justifying the cultural, social or political status quo or a vision of the world; quite a few interpretations have used the Bible as a springboard to promote new ideas and new solutions to social or political problems. The former comprise biblical interpretations that helped to sustain slavery or a pre-Copernican vision of the universe in the past or creationist beliefs today; the latter comprise sola scriptura approach adopted by Luther or, to use a modern example, views proposed by modern feminist theology. Biblical interpretation proposed by feminist theology may be an interesting object of hermeneutical study for a few reasons. Firstly, it may be seen as an attempt at adapting a seemingly totally inappropriate text to the specific needs and views of feminist theology; secondly it illustrates the interplay of ideas not necessarily in harmony in Christianity; thirdly, one may perceive it as a more or less successful solution to problems of the Christian community in the modern world. There is no such a...
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