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Non-native Speech

A Corpus-based Analysis of Phonological and Phonetic Properties of L2 English and German

Series:

Ulrike Gut

Based on an innovative corpus-based approach, this book offers a comprehensive survey of the phonological and phonetic properties of L2 speech in English and German. The first part of the book critically examines current theoretical models and research methodologies in the field of second language acquisition of phonology and describes the advances that have been made in corpus linguistics over the past few years – in particular, the development of phonological learner corpora. It furthermore presents the first learner corpus of L2 English and L2 German that is fully aligned and has extensive phonological annotations: the LeaP corpus. The second part of the book describes the results of the quantitative and qualitative corpus analyses in the following areas of non-native speech: fluency, final consonant cluster realisation, vowel reduction and speech rhythm, intonation and general foreign accent. In addition, the influence of many non-linguistic factors, including instruction and a stay abroad, on the phonological properties of non-native speech is explored.

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Table of contents

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1 Introduction 13 2 Theories of L2 phonological acquisition 21 2.1 Ll as an explanation for the structure and acquisition of 21 non-native speech 2.2 Universal principles and non-native speech: typological 24 markedness 2.3 Universal principles and non-native speech: Universal 27 Grammar 2.4 Universal principles and non-native speech: Natural 29 Phonology 2.5 L2 phonological acquisition in Optimality Theory 31 2.6 Comparison of the models 36 3 Research methodology in non-native speech and the corpus- 39 linguistic approach 3.1 A survey of research an non-native speech in the past 39 39 years 3.1.1 Phonological domains investigated 40 3.1.2 Number of participants 43 3.1.3 Methodology 44 3.1.4 Study design 45 3.1.5 Data collection 46 3.1.6 Data analysis 47 3.1.7 Theoretical framework 49 3.1.8 Target language 49 3.1.9 Summary 50 3.2 Corpus linguistics and types of corpora 52 3.2.1 Types of corpora 53 3.2.2 Phonological corpora 54 3.3 Corpus-based analysis of non-native speech 56 3.3.1 Quantitative and qualitative corpus analyses 56 3.3.2 Learner corpora 59 3.4 Summary 62 4 The LeaP corpus 63 4.1 The LeaP corpus: background 63 8 4.2 4.3 Table of Contents Corpus type and size 63 Corpus design 64 4.3.2 Speakers 65 4.3.3 Metadata 66 4.3.4 Overview of the data in the LeaP corpus 67 4.4 Annotation of the recordings 68 4.4.1 Annotator characteristics 71 4.4.2 Evaluation of the reliability of the manual annotations 71 4.5 Corpus data format 73 4.6 Corpus analysis 74 4.6.1 The TASX corpus browser 74 4.6.2 NXT Search 74 4.7 Summary 75 5 Non-native...

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