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Non-native Speech

A Corpus-based Analysis of Phonological and Phonetic Properties of L2 English and German

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Ulrike Gut

Based on an innovative corpus-based approach, this book offers a comprehensive survey of the phonological and phonetic properties of L2 speech in English and German. The first part of the book critically examines current theoretical models and research methodologies in the field of second language acquisition of phonology and describes the advances that have been made in corpus linguistics over the past few years – in particular, the development of phonological learner corpora. It furthermore presents the first learner corpus of L2 English and L2 German that is fully aligned and has extensive phonological annotations: the LeaP corpus. The second part of the book describes the results of the quantitative and qualitative corpus analyses in the following areas of non-native speech: fluency, final consonant cluster realisation, vowel reduction and speech rhythm, intonation and general foreign accent. In addition, the influence of many non-linguistic factors, including instruction and a stay abroad, on the phonological properties of non-native speech is explored.

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10 Non-native speech 283

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10 Non-native speech It has been widely claimed that phonological abilities of language learners develop separately from other linguistic abilities in areas such as morphosyntax and vocabulary. Even within phonology, it has been suggested that the acquisition of different mies, e.g. the segmental and the prosodic, follows different paths in terms of speed and ultimate success. The purpose of this chapter is to explore the relationship between different phonological features on the one hand, and the relationship between the different linguistic levels of non- native speech (including L2 learners' phonological, lexical and morphosyntactic abilities) on the other hand. Studies on the relationship between different phonological features of non-native speech are discussed in section 10.1. Previous findings on the relationship between different linguistic domains in non-native speech are presented in section 10.2. In section 10.3, the aims and method of the corpus analysis are described, followed by the results in section 10.4 and their discussion and summary in section 10.5. 10.1 The relationship between different phonological features of non-native speech Very little research has been carried out so far on the relationship between the various phonological features of non-native speech. Typically, studies on L2 phonology focus on one particular aspect without relating it to other features of non-native speech (see chapter 3). Of the small number of investigations on non- native English that have been concerned with the intercorrelation of phonological features, one reported that some phonological aspects of non- native speech are tightly related. Anderson-Hsieh et al. (1992) investigated different...

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