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Non-native Speech

A Corpus-based Analysis of Phonological and Phonetic Properties of L2 English and German

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Ulrike Gut

Based on an innovative corpus-based approach, this book offers a comprehensive survey of the phonological and phonetic properties of L2 speech in English and German. The first part of the book critically examines current theoretical models and research methodologies in the field of second language acquisition of phonology and describes the advances that have been made in corpus linguistics over the past few years – in particular, the development of phonological learner corpora. It furthermore presents the first learner corpus of L2 English and L2 German that is fully aligned and has extensive phonological annotations: the LeaP corpus. The second part of the book describes the results of the quantitative and qualitative corpus analyses in the following areas of non-native speech: fluency, final consonant cluster realisation, vowel reduction and speech rhythm, intonation and general foreign accent. In addition, the influence of many non-linguistic factors, including instruction and a stay abroad, on the phonological properties of non-native speech is explored.

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11 Discussion and Outlook 299

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LI Struc- tures Speaking Style strong correlatior weak correlation influence on L2 Struc- , tures ..... Interlanguage ..... _ ................... Phonology .. ............... ,_,, Accent ...... 9,1's .............. --- Fluency )4( "-- ............ — "' ''' . ........... ---7 \ ,.., ........„. __ Lexicon ) - ............ ---/ ... ... ( Morphosyntax Non- linguistic Factors 11 Discussion and Outlook The present study has provided the first comprehensive, corpus-based description of a wide range of features of non-native speech. In total, the speech produced by 101 non-native speakers was analysed with regard to its phonological and phonetic properties in the areas of syllabification and coda consonant cluster reduction (chapter 6), speech rhythm and vowel reduction (chapter 7) and intonational phrasing, tone inventory and pitch range (chapter 8). In addition, the fluency (chapter 5) and the morphosyntactic as well as the lexical proficiency (chapter 10) of these speakers were investigated. The variation of non-native speech was furthermore examined in relation to various non-linguistic factors, including age, motivation, personality variables, language learning history and learning context (chapter 9) and in relation to the linguistic variable speaking style. Based on these results, the following multifactorial model of non-native speech is proposed (Figure 11.1). Figure 11.1: A multifactorial model of non-native speech ('Strong correlation' means repeated significant correlations across speaking styles and target languages; 'weak correlation' refers to significant correlations observed only in one speaking style or for only one target language) 300 Chapter 11 This model depicts L2 language (interlanguage) as consisting of the separate but partly connected domains of phonology, morphosyntax, lexicon and fluency. The phonological domain itself comprises several sub-domains such as the areas...

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