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Non-native Speech

A Corpus-based Analysis of Phonological and Phonetic Properties of L2 English and German

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Ulrike Gut

Based on an innovative corpus-based approach, this book offers a comprehensive survey of the phonological and phonetic properties of L2 speech in English and German. The first part of the book critically examines current theoretical models and research methodologies in the field of second language acquisition of phonology and describes the advances that have been made in corpus linguistics over the past few years – in particular, the development of phonological learner corpora. It furthermore presents the first learner corpus of L2 English and L2 German that is fully aligned and has extensive phonological annotations: the LeaP corpus. The second part of the book describes the results of the quantitative and qualitative corpus analyses in the following areas of non-native speech: fluency, final consonant cluster realisation, vowel reduction and speech rhythm, intonation and general foreign accent. In addition, the influence of many non-linguistic factors, including instruction and a stay abroad, on the phonological properties of non-native speech is explored.

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13 Index 341

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13 Index anacrusis 208 annotation 52 articulator 78 Asymmetry Hypothesis 122 boundary tone 198 cluster length 126 conceptualizer 78 consonant cluster reduction 115 Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis corpus finite 53 non-finite 53 learner corpus 59 phonological corpus 54 corpus analysis 56 qualitative 56 quantitative 56 corpus linguistics 52 correction 81 Critical Period Hypothesis 256 declarative knowledge 79 information structure 212 instrumental analysis 47 interlanguage 13 interlinear graph 198 intonation 195 AM model 196 British School 196 meaning of 203 intonational phrasing 207 intonation phrase 198, 207 21 intonation phrase boundary 207 isochrony 162 learner corpora 59 length of residence 258 length of turn 82 markedness 25 Markedness Differential Hypothesis 25 Maximum Onset Principle 117 modularity 14 Natural Phonology 29 nucleus placement 211 final obstruent devoicing 122 fluency temporal measurements 79 quantitative correlates 82 fluency 77 focus 211 foot 163 foreign accent 174, 253 formulator 78 Functional Phonology 32 Glottal Stop Insertion 119 Ontogeny Phylogeny Model 26 Optimality Theory 31 paratone 215 pause 80 filled 88 unfilled 80 phonatioriltime ratio 88 phonological corpus 54 phonotactics 116 pitch accent 197, 202 pitch contour 198 342 Index pitch range 214 Structural Conformity Hypothesis procedural knowledge 78 25 Prosodic Hierarchy 161 syllabification 115, 116 prosodic word 118 syllable 115 PVI 164 syllable ratio 166 raw data 52 repetition 81 representativeness 53 resyllabification 120 Rhythm Ratio 165 sensitive period 256 smallword 82 speaking style 87 Speech Learning Model 22 speech production 78 speech rate 80 speech rhythm 161 phonetic correlates of 171 stress-timed 162 syllable-timed 162...

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