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Non-native Speech

A Corpus-based Analysis of Phonological and Phonetic Properties of L2 English and German

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Ulrike Gut

Based on an innovative corpus-based approach, this book offers a comprehensive survey of the phonological and phonetic properties of L2 speech in English and German. The first part of the book critically examines current theoretical models and research methodologies in the field of second language acquisition of phonology and describes the advances that have been made in corpus linguistics over the past few years – in particular, the development of phonological learner corpora. It furthermore presents the first learner corpus of L2 English and L2 German that is fully aligned and has extensive phonological annotations: the LeaP corpus. The second part of the book describes the results of the quantitative and qualitative corpus analyses in the following areas of non-native speech: fluency, final consonant cluster realisation, vowel reduction and speech rhythm, intonation and general foreign accent. In addition, the influence of many non-linguistic factors, including instruction and a stay abroad, on the phonological properties of non-native speech is explored.

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Appendices 343

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Appendices Appendix la: Recording Questionnaire Date: Place: Interviewer: Target language: English Name: Age: Sex: female male Native language/s: Other foreign languages: 1) When did you begin to learn English? 2) How did you learn English? At school? "Naturally"? 3) Have you ever been to an English-speaking country? Where? How often? For how long? 344 Appendices 4) Is it important for you to sound native? [give a scale from 1 to 5; 5=very important] 5) What do you know about English intonation, rhythm, stress? 6) Have you had any instruction in English prosody, i.e. the intonation, rhythm, stress system of English? If yes, how much? Have you had instruction in English pronunciation? 7) Why are you learning English? Is it important for you to integrate into English society? What is for you the most important aspect to acquire (e.g. grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation...) 8) Hobbies: Are you interested in music? What is your experience? Your musical ability: Are you interested in acting? What is your acting experience? Your acting ability: scale 1 (none) to 5 (very much) scale 1 (none) to 5 (very much) scale 1 (none) to 5 (very much) scale 1 (none) to 5 (very much) scale 1 (none) to 5 (very much) scale 1 (none) to 5 (very much) Appendices 345 Appendix ib: Aufnahme Fragebogen Datum: Ort: Interviewer: Zielsprache: Deutsch Name: Alter: weibl männl Muttersprache/n: Andere Fremsprachen: 1) Wann hast Du begonnen, Deutsch zu lernen? 2) Wie Hast Du Deutsch gelernt? In der Schule? "Natürlich"? 3)...

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