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Labour and Sustainable Development

North-South Perspectives

Series:

Francesco Garibaldo and Dinghong Yi

This book takes up a critical and realistic perspective on what is happening in China, India and other Asian countries in comparison with Western countries. It avoids hiding problems and difficulties, but communicates a positive message on the possibility to proceed in achieving a better situation. In this perspective the analysis of the public policies is a key point. These policies, in the Eastern as well as in the Western countries show objective difficulties and social contradictions but also that improvement is possible. The initial chapter is completely devoted to a study of China from within. The other topics analysed in the book are related to the social and natural environment’s sustainability: innovation, research and education on the one side and the life of workers on the other; also including the «invisible» people of the informal employment and the economic migrants, especially in Asia.

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Chapter 1: China from within

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13 The Reform and Development of China’s Trade Union System – Introspection of China’s Current Unified Trade Union System Liang Gaofeng (College of Economic Law, Northwest University of Politics and Law) Abstract In a market economy, the nature of Chinesetrade unions that was once political groups in planned economy era has to be changed into private corporation organizations. Based on the analysis of the essential attribute that trade union organizations in a market economy should have, the paper puts forward that the key to the reform and improvement of Chinese trade union system lies in the return of essential attribute of the trade unions. In allusion to the practical development requirement of Chinese trade unions, the unified trade union system currently in effect should be reformed in order to meet the practical demand of workers in different levels, groups, or fields. The perfec- tion of labor interest representation mechanism will allow the labor relations in domestic market economy to achieve dynamic balance and autonomy by effective group consultation, and will allow the government-trade union-enterprise tripartite coordination mechanism of domestic labor-capital relationship to achieve international integration with international market economy mechanism, re- sulting in the improvement of domestic harmonious labor relation system. In August 2001, the Ministry of Labor and Social Security (MLSS), All China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU), and China Enterprise Confederation (CEC) established a national tripartite meeting system for coordination of labor relations. So far, China has established the communica- tion channel and coordination mechanism for labor relations from...

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