Socio-Cultural Innovation at Work
Identity, Solidarity and Non-Market Values. Prospects for Social Democracy in Europe?Valeria Pulignano
181 Identity, Solidarity and Non-Market Values. Prospects for Social Democracy in Europe? Valeria Pulignano 1. Introduction In current years, the terms Europeanization has acquired widespread importance. It refers to a tendency “in which there is discernible movement with common policies leading to common outcomes achieved by common processes” (Sisson and Marginson, 2004: 8). Thereby, from an industrial relations point of view Eu- ropeanization denotes the tendency to create European-level institutions in in- dustrial relations for labour market regulation, which would accompany the pro- cess of creation of a social dimension in Europe, what has been labeled as the European Social Model, which is seen as traditionally counterbalancing the eco- nomic rationale of the process of European regional integration. On the other hand, however, some commentators have emphasized the exis- tence of a fundamental discrepancy within the process of European economic integration between ‘market correcting’ (social protection) and ‘market making’ (economic protection) measures (Streeck, 1995). Accordingly, Scharpf (2002; 2010) argues that the process of European integration has created a ‘constitu- tional asymmetry’ between policies promoting market efficiencies on one hand – what we call ‘market-values’- and policies promoting social protection, equality and social participationon the other hand – what we refer to as ‘non-market val- ues’- with the former having as a tendency the primate on the latter. This argu- ment is made while referring to the apparently ‘flexible’ and ‘neo-liberal’ new regulatory style of governance within the EU, which risks to underpin the evolu- tion to the European social policy. There is...
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