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Educational and Technological Approaches to Renewable Energy

Edited By Walter Leal Filho and Julia Gottwald

This book documents and disseminates a number of educational and technological approaches to renewable energy, with a special emphasis on European and Latin American experiences, but also presenting experiences from other parts of the world. It was prepared as part of the project JELARE (Joint European-Latin American Universities Renewable Energy Project), undertaken as part of the ALFA III Programme of the European Commission involving countries in Latin America (e.g. Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Guatemala) as well as in Europe (Germany and Latvia). Thanks to its approach and structure, this book will prove useful to all those dedicated to the development of the renewable energy sector, especially those concerned with the problems posed by lack of expertise and lack of training in this field.

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Renewable Energy Policies that Impact Climate Change – The Case for Photovoltaic Solar Technology

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Nasir J. Sheikh, Tugrul U. Daim Abstract The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the global status and trends of renewable energy and the policy targets and landscape driving these trends. Typically energy trends and polices do not include guidance or mandate for long-term technology development policies or technology production poli- cies. With the aid of literature review the authors attempt to provide a more en- compassing view of the energy policies with a focus on photovoltaic solar tech- nology (PVST) wherever possible. These policies tend to be broad-based gov- ernment mandates covering multiple types of renewable and it is not always possible to identify specific PV policies. In fact government policies purposely avoid preference of one type of technology or approach. Instead broad targets are defined coupled with incentives (also referred to as “promotion policies”) to achieve these targets. I. Introduction It is well established that adoption of renewable energy (commonly referred to as “renewables”) is an important factor for the mitigation of greenhouse gases (GHG) and their impacts on climate change. [Other factors include: innovation and new technologies, Cap and Trade Policy, energy policies, Smart Grids, etc.] There are multiple renewable energy sources and formats including: solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, and hydro (or hydropower). In the past five years photovoltaic (PV) solar energy has shown the highest growth increase at six-fold rate[1]. Hence the adoption of photovoltaic solar technol- ogy (PVST) is of special interest. Energy policies are a major driver (or barrier)...

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