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Educational Policy Transfer in an Era of Globalization: Theory – History – Comparison

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Jeremy Rappleye

As education becomes increasingly global, the processes and politics of transfer have become a central focus of research. This study provides a comprehensive analysis of contemporary theoretical and analytical work aimed at exploring international educational reform and reveals the myriad ways that globalization is now fundamentally altering our dominant conceptions. It illustrates how transfer has emerged to play a central part in policy formation processes worldwide, but also reveals critical differences between developed countries and aid-dependent developing states. This substantial breadth, combined with a level of empirical depth absent from current research, opens up new vistas through which to understand globalization, educational policy formation, and the modalities of transfer. In doing so, the book pushes for a reevaluation of several core assumptions of transfer and educational research more generally.

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SECTION IV ANALYSIS, RECONCEPTUALIZATION & (RE)ENGAGEMENT

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SECTION IV ANALYSIS, RECONCEPTUALIZATION & (RE)ENGAGEMENT CHAPTER NINE EDUCATIONAL TRANSFER IN AN ERA OF GLOBALIZATION: COMPARATIVE INSIGHTS This fourth section begins by comparing and contrasting educational transfer within and across the case studies of Japan (Section II) and Ne- pal (Section III), then utilizes these insights to revisit, revise, and rethink the broader conceptual foundations and theoretical framings of the study as a whole. This chapter in particular seeks to formulate a direct re- sponse to the study’s driving questions. To do so it synthesizes the vari- ous insights into policy transfer revealed in the ‘vistas’ within the framework of the sub-questions outlined at the outset of the study: me- chanics and processes, spatial-geographical, and temporal-historical. For each of these three ‘lesser’ questions, the chapter suggests a tentative list of responses that, taken together, help sketch, comparatively, insights into the nature of educational transfer in an era of globalization. INTRODUCTION: QUESTIONS OF COMPARISON In its pursuit of an understanding of educational policy transfer today, this study has undertaken a journey of substantial breadth and depth: from oyatoi gaijin and Meiji Japan’s famed Iwakura Mission to Profes- sor Wood and Nepal’s National Planning Commission; from major bu- reaucratic battles and Redesigning Compulsory Education in Tokyo to the plush offices of the Education Sector Advisory Team in Kathmandu through the policy ‘waves’ of BPEP II, the LSGA, and the CSSP; from the ‘learn from England’ project of conservative intellectuals and politi- cians in Japan to the incubation of influential NGOs in Nepal’s...

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