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Anti-Judaism on the Way from Judaism to Christianity


Peter Landesmann

The differing beliefs that emerged between Christianity and Judaism, especially in the first two centuries AD, were mainly caused by the introduction of heavenly beings in the Jewish religion. This resulted in the predominance of a messiah, who will be sent by God as salvator mundi. Mainly Paul preached and practiced the conversion of pagans to Christianity, without obligating them to practice the Jewish law. In the course of time the baptized pagans represented the mainstream of Christianity which caused a conflict between them and those Jews who practiced the Jewish law but also believed in Jesus as the Messiah. The development of these tendencies is described in this book.


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5. The Deuteronomic historical book


God personally took action, above all, in the Deuteronomic historical book, which comprises the Books of Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, 1 Samuel and 2 Samuel, and 1 Kings and 2 Kings, along with certain passages from the Book of Genesis. The aforementioned books, which were edited by the "Deuteronomist"3 and which rarely mention angels, probably reflect a degree of rationalization, e.g. the sacred temple is the place wherein the name of God dwells (Deu 12:5.11. and 21) but not God himself (1 Kin 8:13.). Furthermore, God spoke from his seat in heaven to Israel "out of the fire" (Deu 5:4 and 9 et seq, NRS) on the mountain, whereas this event is still described in the Book of Exodus as if God had come to Mount Sinai, where Moses had heard his voice (Exo 19). The ark was described in Deu 10:1et seqq merely as a container for the tablets containing the Ten Commandments, whereas it is still acknowledged as the "mercy seat" of God in Exo 25:22 (NRS) and 1Sam 4:4 (NRS).4 Passages from Exo 23:20-33 are also quoted in Deu 6 and 7, albeit without the appearance of the angel who features prominently in the Book of Exodus. Everything is brought into being by the presence of God himself.5

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