10. The titles bestowed on Jesus
All of the titles bestowed on Jesus in the New Testament have their origin in Ju- daism and show that, not only did Jesus feel that he was a Jew, but also the peo- ple in Palestine at the time also saw him as a Jew. This is evidenced by the fol- lowing passages from the New Testament. 10.1 Jesus, the Rabbi and Teacher "Now there was a Pharisee named Nicodemus, a leader of the Jews. He came to Jesus by night and said to him "Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher who has come from God; for no one can do these signs that you do apart from the pres- ence of God" (Joh 3:1-2 NRS). 10.2 Jesus, the Prophet It was not until the period of Rabbinic Judaism that the Book of "Malachi" was designated the last Book of the Prophets.12 This is also indicated in 1 Maccabees 9:26 as follows: "So there was great distress in Israel, such as had not been since the time that prophets ceased to appear among them" (1Ma 9:27 NRS). Two pas- sages in 1Ma do, however, indicate that the coming of a prophet was anticipated in the period following the 2nd century BC: "…and stored the stones in a con- venient place on the temple hill until a prophet should come to tell what to do with them" (1Ma 4:46 NRS). "The Jews and their priests have resolved that Simon should be their leader and...
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