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Anti-Judaism on the Way from Judaism to Christianity


Peter Landesmann

The differing beliefs that emerged between Christianity and Judaism, especially in the first two centuries AD, were mainly caused by the introduction of heavenly beings in the Jewish religion. This resulted in the predominance of a messiah, who will be sent by God as salvator mundi. Mainly Paul preached and practiced the conversion of pagans to Christianity, without obligating them to practice the Jewish law. In the course of time the baptized pagans represented the mainstream of Christianity which caused a conflict between them and those Jews who practiced the Jewish law but also believed in Jesus as the Messiah. The development of these tendencies is described in this book.


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10. The titles bestowed on Jesus


All of the titles bestowed on Jesus in the New Testament have their origin in Ju- daism and show that, not only did Jesus feel that he was a Jew, but also the peo- ple in Palestine at the time also saw him as a Jew. This is evidenced by the fol- lowing passages from the New Testament. 10.1 Jesus, the Rabbi and Teacher "Now there was a Pharisee named Nicodemus, a leader of the Jews. He came to Jesus by night and said to him "Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher who has come from God; for no one can do these signs that you do apart from the pres- ence of God" (Joh 3:1-2 NRS). 10.2 Jesus, the Prophet It was not until the period of Rabbinic Judaism that the Book of "Malachi" was designated the last Book of the Prophets.12 This is also indicated in 1 Maccabees 9:26 as follows: "So there was great distress in Israel, such as had not been since the time that prophets ceased to appear among them" (1Ma 9:27 NRS). Two pas- sages in 1Ma do, however, indicate that the coming of a prophet was anticipated in the period following the 2nd century BC: "…and stored the stones in a con- venient place on the temple hill until a prophet should come to tell what to do with them" (1Ma 4:46 NRS). "The Jews and their priests have resolved that Simon should be their leader and...

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