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Anti-Judaism on the Way from Judaism to Christianity


Peter Landesmann

The differing beliefs that emerged between Christianity and Judaism, especially in the first two centuries AD, were mainly caused by the introduction of heavenly beings in the Jewish religion. This resulted in the predominance of a messiah, who will be sent by God as salvator mundi. Mainly Paul preached and practiced the conversion of pagans to Christianity, without obligating them to practice the Jewish law. In the course of time the baptized pagans represented the mainstream of Christianity which caused a conflict between them and those Jews who practiced the Jewish law but also believed in Jesus as the Messiah. The development of these tendencies is described in this book.


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27. The disassociation of the Jews from the Jewish Christians


Four passages in the Gospels according to Luke and John narrate the ejection of Jewish Christians by Jews from the synagogue. Since the latter was written about 20 years after the Gospel according to Luke but was only circulated in a limited area in Jerusalem and Asia Minor, it is probable that this "ejection" of believers of Jesus from synagogues only took place over a limited period and in a limited area: "Blessed are you when people hate you, and when they exclude you, revile you, and defame you on account of the Son of Man" (Luk 6:22 NRS). His parents said this because they were afraid of the Jews; for the Jews had al- ready agreed that anyone who confessed Jesus to be the Messiah would be put out of the synagogue" (Joh 9:22 NRS). "Nevertheless many, even of the authorities, believed in him. But because of the Pharisees they did not confess it, for fear that they would be put out of the synagogue; for they loved human glory more than the glory that comes from God" (Joh 12:42-43 NRS). "They will put you out of the synagogues. Indeed, an hour is coming when those who kill you will think that by doing so they are offering worship to God. And they will do this because they have not known the Father or me" (Joh 16:2-3 NRS). In earlier times, this disassociation was attributed to the addition of a new paragraph to the Amidah,...

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