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Anti-Judaism on the Way from Judaism to Christianity


Peter Landesmann

The differing beliefs that emerged between Christianity and Judaism, especially in the first two centuries AD, were mainly caused by the introduction of heavenly beings in the Jewish religion. This resulted in the predominance of a messiah, who will be sent by God as salvator mundi. Mainly Paul preached and practiced the conversion of pagans to Christianity, without obligating them to practice the Jewish law. In the course of time the baptized pagans represented the mainstream of Christianity which caused a conflict between them and those Jews who practiced the Jewish law but also believed in Jesus as the Messiah. The development of these tendencies is described in this book.


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37. Endnotes


1 Partly taken from Wikipedia: "Biblical exegesis". 2 Henotheism describes the belief in one superior God. Unlike the monotheism practised by Abra- hamic religions, however, this belief does not automatically exclude the worship of other, lesser deities. 3 "Deuteronomist" is assumed to be a school of group of bible scholars 4 Weinfeld, Deuteronomy, in: Enc. Jud. Vol V, Col. 1582. 5 Baltzer, Die Biographie der Propheten, p. 162. 6 This and the following quotes stem from that part of Book 1 Enoch that is known as the Book of Parables. The dating is taken from Boccaccini, Gabriele, (ed.) 1. Enoch and the Messiah Son of Man: Revisiting the Book of Parables, Grand Rapids 2007 and Chiala, Sabino, Libro delle Parabole di Enoch, Brescia 1997. 7 The "fear of the Lord" is an expression which replaces "conscience". The Hebrew word for con- science "maspun" does not occur in the Bible. 8 Chapters 40 to 55 of the Book of Isaiah are attributed to a post-exilic prophet who was given the name of Deutero-Isaiah. 9 Comment from Prof. Stemberger: Similar Rabbinical statement: "The Sabbath is there for the people." See Mekhilta Shabbeta 1 to Ex 31,12: "The Sabbath was given to you and not you to the Sabbath" (bYoma 85b is virtually identical). 10 This Rabbinical law relates to "Eruv", whereby carrying an object in an enclosed area is permit- ted on the Sabbath. We cannot say with certainty how this rule was handled in Jesus' day. Even in the Mishnah,...

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