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Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages. Getting the Picture

In Memory of Michael Clyne- In Collaboration with Catrin Norrby, Leo Kretzenbacher, Carla Amorós

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Rudolf Muhr

This volume comprises 28 papers presented at the 1 st International Conference on Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages in Graz (Austria) in July 2011. The conference was also held in memory of Michael Clyne – eminent linguist, scholar, language enthusiast and advocate of multilingualism who died in October 2010. The volume pays homage to his important contributions in many fields of linguistics and in the theory of pluricentric languages. The conference in Graz was the first international event to document the situation of non-dominant varieties world-wide in order to identify common or diverging features. It provided substantial insights into the codification and in corpus and status planning of non-dominant varieties. The volume deals with 18 languages and 31 different national and other varieties in 29 countries of the world.

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Carla Amorós, Carmen Fernández, Natividad Hernández, Emilio Prieto: Difficulties in defining the standard Spanish lexicon

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In: Rudolf Muhr (ed.) (2012): Non-dominant Varieties of pluricentric Languages. Getting the Pic- ture. In memory of Michael Clyne. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 63-82. Carla Amorós carlita@usal.es Carmen Fernández cjuncal@usal.es Natividad Hernández natih@usal.es Emilio Prieto eprieto@usal.es (University of Salamanca, Spain) Difficulties in defining the standard Spanish lexicon1 Abstract The aim of this paper is twofold. First, we lay the foundations of our work in the notion of a standard form of the language that enables us to link this concept to other phenomena such as linguistic norm, prestige and linguistic change. Our proposal calls for a definition of the concept which combines, among other parameters, the social context from which it originates and spreads and the degree of formality of the con- text where it takes place. Second, we deal with the lexicon and the difficulties in establishing a standard. Drawing on oral and written corpora from available lexicon dictionaries and taking the two main norms of the peninsular Spanish as a starting point, we investigate, on the one hand, the levels of formality and the degree of occurrence of lexical items from colloquial levels. On the other hand, we establish the exclusive lexicon attached to different sociolects, from which it will be possible to establish patterns of behav- ior and to characterize specifically the variety that serves as a prestige model, which is the standard. 1. Introduction At present, Spanish is a language in a privileged situation. It is...

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