In Memory of Michael Clyne- In Collaboration with Catrin Norrby, Leo Kretzenbacher, Carla Amorós
Edited By Rudolf Muhr
Carla Amorós, Carmen Fernández, Natividad Hernández, Emilio Prieto: Difficulties in defining the standard Spanish lexicon
In: Rudolf Muhr (ed.) (2012): Non-dominant Varieties of pluricentric Languages. Getting the Pic- ture. In memory of Michael Clyne. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 63-82. Carla Amorós firstname.lastname@example.org Carmen Fernández email@example.com Natividad Hernández firstname.lastname@example.org Emilio Prieto email@example.com (University of Salamanca, Spain) Difficulties in defining the standard Spanish lexicon1 Abstract The aim of this paper is twofold. First, we lay the foundations of our work in the notion of a standard form of the language that enables us to link this concept to other phenomena such as linguistic norm, prestige and linguistic change. Our proposal calls for a definition of the concept which combines, among other parameters, the social context from which it originates and spreads and the degree of formality of the con- text where it takes place. Second, we deal with the lexicon and the difficulties in establishing a standard. Drawing on oral and written corpora from available lexicon dictionaries and taking the two main norms of the peninsular Spanish as a starting point, we investigate, on the one hand, the levels of formality and the degree of occurrence of lexical items from colloquial levels. On the other hand, we establish the exclusive lexicon attached to different sociolects, from which it will be possible to establish patterns of behav- ior and to characterize specifically the variety that serves as a prestige model, which is the standard. 1. Introduction At present, Spanish is a language in a privileged situation. It is...
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