In Memory of Michael Clyne- In Collaboration with Catrin Norrby, Leo Kretzenbacher, Carla Amorós
Jasmine DUM-TRAGUT: Amen teł hay kay. 20 years later – Pluricentric Armenian and its changed dominance hierarchy
In: Rudolf Muhr (ed.) (2012): Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages. Getting the Pic- ture. In memory of Michael Clyne. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 187-206. Jasmine DUM-TRAGUT (Universität Salzburg, Austria) email@example.com Amen teł hay kay. 20 years later – Pluricentric Armenian and its changed dominance hierarchy. There are many languages that are pluricentric, not all in the same way. M. Clyne (2004:296) Abstract This paper investigates the linguistic consequences of socio-political and demographic changes of the last 20 years regarding the dominance hier- archy between the two literary varieties of Armenian, Eastern and West- ern. P. Cowe's contribution in 1992 was the first attempt of defining Ar- menian as pluricentric language. Armenian was classified, “not having a claim to a particular territory it was usually used solely or predomi- nantly in emigrant contexts and/or where the division between Eastern and Western Europe is responsible for pluricentricity.“1 It was also claimed that Armenian represented an exception to the model of pluricentric languages, not having official functions or official status in the countries where its varieties were spoken and for not shar- ing common functions and thus not being considered as "equal".2 These statements were outpaced by major demographical, social and cultural changes affecting the linguistic distribution, vitality, language ideology and the status of Armenian. The paper also corroborates the gradually growing and still developing asymmetry between its dominant and non- dominant varieties. 1. Introduction - What kind of language is Armenian? Armenian is a pluricentric...
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