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Between the Old and the New World

Studies in the History of Overseas Migrations

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Edited By Agnieszka Malek and Dorota Praszalowicz

The volume contains papers presented at the fourth Workshop «American Ethnicity: Rethinking Old Issues, Asking New Questions» which took place in Krakow, Poland, on May 24 th -25 th , 2010. The event was organized by the Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora of the Jagiellonian University, and supported by the (American) Immigration and Ethnic History Society. The tradition of organizing bi-annual workshops goes back to 2004 and continues to be a forum for discussing ongoing research and sharing ideas. The texts included in this volume provide a comparative context to immigration studies, contribute to the gender perspective, bring up new issues and remind the most important aspects of migrants’ life, such as remittances and poverty. There is also a set of the articles on American Jewish experience, studied from a variety of angles, and the Polish-American section presenting texts on local immigrant communities.

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Hasia Diner: Before “The Holocaust”: American Jews Confront Catastrophe, 1945-1962

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Before “The Holocaust”: American Jews Confront Catastrophe, 1945-1962 Hasia Diner (New York University) In the decade and a half following the end of World War II, that global confla- gration which brought about the deaths of one-third of the Jewish people and the destruction of much of European Jewish communal life at the hands of the Germans and their collaborators, American Jewry found many times, places, and modes of expression to articulate its intense reactions to that calamity. While historians may find it difficult, if not nearly impossible, to recreate the ways in which individual Jews in their homes talked about this catastrophic event or how they incorporated direct references and analogies to it into the discourse of their private spheres of everyday life, Jewish institutions including a range of organizations, synagogues, schools, summer camps, publishing houses, maga- zines and newspapers left an easily recoverable paper trail which revealed a community that felt itself obliged to remember and commemorate. These for- mal institutions of American Jewish life, spanning a spectrum of ideologies and political positions vis-à-vis the concerns of the day, wove the details of the ca- tastrophe into their rhetorical repertoires and used references to it to shape their political projects. The ways in which they “used” the calamity of European Jewry, referred to consistently in the copious material produced in Yiddish as the “hurban,” or de- struction, reflected the concerns and sensibilities of their times. From the per- spective of the early twenty-first century with its ubiquitous...

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