Studies in the History of Overseas Migrations
Agata Rajski: The Role of Religious Institutions in Building the Polish Community in Windsor, Ontario
The Role of Religious Institutions in Building the Polish Community in Windsor, Ontario Agata Rajski (Jagiellonian University) The Rise of Windsor Windsor is Canada’s southernmost city, located in the Province of Ontario, in the Great Lakes region. It is situated on the left bank of the Detroit River and on the shore of Lake St. Clair, bordering on the American city of Detroit, Michigan. The first references to the region, in which Windsor is now located, date back to August 1679, when the French voyager Rene-Robert La Salle reached the mouth of the Detroit River. He arrived at the lake and named it St. Clair. The efforts at European settlement in Detroit-Windsor region began in 1701, when Sieur De Larnothe Cadilac came and founded Fort Pontchartrain at the river, on the Detroit side.1 In the years 1748-1760, on both sides of the river, the French settlement grew. In 1760, the British captured Fort Pontchartrain and held con- trol over these lands, but the majority of the settlers was still the French popula- tion. The lands formed part of a larger area, negotiated from the Indians and governed by the British. In the year 1797, the settlement of Sandwich was established.2 Its main in- habitants were people of French and British origin from Detroit, who wanted to remain under British sovereignty after the occupation of the city by American forces. This fact provided a beginning for the first local settlement and took the form of the first English migration into the...
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