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The ‘Other’ in Karl Rahner’s Transcendental Theology and George Khodr’s Spiritual Theology

Within the Near Eastern Context

Series:

Sylvie Avakian

According to Karl Rahner’s transcendental theology, God is present in the inner reality of every being. Salvation is therefore possible for all. The author proposes a hermeneutical key to be applied on Rahner’s works, based on the assumption that there are two different theological motives or claims in Rahner’s theology. Furthermore the author presents George Khodr’s position concerning the non-Christian religions, particularly Judaism and Islam, within the contemporary Near-Eastern context. Khodr, based on the Patristic heritage of the Eastern Church, makes salvation possible for the ‘Other’ – Christ is the horizon of every human yearning for love and freedom. The ‘Other’ in this sense is the symbol for divine presence in one’s life. It is the very recognition of God, seeing God in the face of the ‘Other’.

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Part 1: On Rahner/ Western References Abbott, W. & Gallagher J. (eds.), The Documents of Vatican II: In a New and Definitive Translation With Commentaries and Notes By Catholic, Protestant and Orthodox Authorities, New York: Herder & Herder, 1966. Allen, D., Philosophy for Understanding Theology, Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1985. Anawati, G. C.“Exkurs zum Konzilstext über die Muslim” in: Das Zweite Vatikanische Konzil. Konstitutionen, Dekrete und Erklärungen, Kommentare, Teil II, in Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, Freiburg: Herder, 1967, pp. 485-487. Aquinas, T., (Fairweather, A.M. ed.), Nature and Grace: Selections from the Summa Theologica of Thomas Aquinas, London: SCM, 1954. _________, (T. McDermott ed.), Summa Theologiae: A Concise Translation, Westminster, Md.: Christian Classics, 1989. _________, (Fathers of English Dominican Province, trans.) Summa Theologica, 3 vols. New York: Benziger, 1947-1948. Audi, R., The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy (Second Edition), USA: Cambridge University Press, 1999. Badcock, G., “Karl Rahner, The Trinity and Pluralism” in K.J. Vanhoozer (ed.), The Trinity in a Pluralistic Age: Theological Essays on Culture and Religion, Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1997. Barth, K., Church Dogmatics (vol.1, two parts), Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1936, 1956. ________, Die Menschlichkeit Gottes: Vortrag, gehalten an der Tagung des Schweiz. Ref. Pfarrvereins in Aarau am 25, September 1956, Zurich: Evangelischer Verlag, 1956. Berkhof, H., Two Hundred Years of Theology, Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1985. Bokwa, I., Christologie als Anfang und Ende der Anthropologie: über das gegenseitige Verhältnis zwischen Christologie und Anthropologie bei Karl Rahner, (Europäische Hochschulschriften) Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 1990. Bornkamm,...

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