Comparative Perspectives on East Asia
Li, Yueqin: Teaching Chinese-Japanese Relations in History Classes of Chinese Secondary Schools
Li, Yueqin Teaching Chinese-Japanese Relations in History Classes of Chinese Secondary Schools I Despite the expanse of sea separating them, China and Japan had maintained close ties that could almost be likened to neighbors living across the street from each other. China and Japan had developed and sustained a close relationship of interaction and mutual influence for a long period of history. The Chinese have always maintained a cordial relationship with the Japanese and displayed an in- tense interest in, and desire to learn about their neighbor’s history and way of life. These issues are distinctly reflected in the history teaching in China’s sec- ondary schools. The ‘History Curriculum Standard’ for junior and senior secon- dary schools includes the following seven sections concerning Japan: Taika Era reforms, Foreign Exchange in the Tang Dynasty (Japan sent envoys to China in the Tang Dynasty and Jian Zhen sailed to Japan), Meiji Reform, the First Sino- Japanese War in 1894-95, the Resistance War against Japan, the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two neighbors and Japan’s post-war devel- opment. In the different versions of the current history textbooks, much more space is devoted to Japan’s history compared with China’s relations with other countries. Shi Long Middle School of Dong Guan City of Guang Dong Province con- ducted a survey to test the historical knowledge of Senior One and Senior Two students.1 It was declared that the survey would be anonymous and would not be scored so that students could take part in it...
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