Edited By Jacek Grzybowski
Rev. Jacek Grzybowski: Europe – freedom, culture, rationality – an everlasting challenge
Europe – freedom, culture, rationality – an everlasting challenge Rev. Jacek Grzybowski Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw (CSWU) The Faculty of Christian Philosophy That which is most universal, and at the same time often least apparent, is cul- ture. It is an extraordinary phenomenon springing from the free and conscious activity of man, and yet surpassing and often indeed determining him. It is what makes man capable of independently creating works that reach beyond him, so to speak, and of surpassing level of goodness he enjoys solely on account of his nature. It is for this reason that we can say that in creating culture man is himself its first creation. It is man's culture-making capacity and activity that bring to light his power and reflection. The pre-eminence of culture however is so great, that it not only surpasses man as an individual, but is capable of begetting entire social and political systems: in a word, civilizations. Thus it is by reflecting on culture that we may find an answer to the question asked by the authors of this collection, namely, “what are the ideological and civilizational sources of mod- ernity?”. “What is Europe?” is a very old question and one that continues to pose difficulties. In spite of all the knowledge amassed about the heritage of this part of the world, the answer remains a challenge. History, however, comes to our aid, reminding us that Europe is the community of all the nations which, in the favorable conditions of a...
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