Rev. Jan Sochoń: Faith or spirituality? New challenges of postmodernity
Faith or spirituality? New challenges of postmodernity Rev. Jan Sochoń Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw (CSWU) The Faculty of Christian Philosophy Many people have trouble with the modern God Karen Armstrong 1 Metaphysics of the subject Many of us have probably already come to accept the world as postmodern, abandoning all illusion as to its permanence and predictability. After all, there are no fixed norms of action or behaviour that are not strictly connected with individual rationalization, with that which happens in the privatissimum, the most secretive retreat of monadic subjectivity. Moreover, the senses themselves can no longer lay a claim to ontic objectivity and certitude. It has become obvi- ous that perception is subjective, freeing, in contradiction of Aristotle, percep- tive experience from the necessity of direct contact with the real.2 This chorus is joined by a sizeable group of philosophers according to whom the human intel- lect is incapable of grasping being in all its complexity and structural magnifi- cence, and is capable only of heaping up metaphors and echoing interpretations, of acting within the sphere of signs – signs which most of the time do not refer to any genuine reality (including divine reality, as already suggested by St. Au- gustine's post-ancient semiotics), but stop with themselves; they are merely simulacra, or become known as Derrida’s indeterminables. The modern subject appears as “empty, split, a-substantial, irreflective”3, unable to handle the grow- ing consequences of its own helplessness. 1 Karen Armstrong, Spór o Boga. Czym naprawd...
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